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Research at St Andrews

Michael Alan Lyons


Michael Alan Lyons
Postal address:
School of Divinity
St Mary's College
South Street
St Andrews
United Kingdom


Direct phone: +44 (0)1334 462845

Research overview

The main focus of my research is how and why ancient Israelite and Second Temple-period authors used earlier texts. This project includes the definition of “quotation” and “allusion,” the consideration of text-referencing from the standpoints of production vs. reception, the development of criteria for identifying the direction of dependence, the creation of a typology of techniques of and motives for text-referencing, the identification of the function of text-referencing (rhetorical, structural, aesthetic, etc.) in specific texts, the identification of constraints on technique or function, and investigation into social factors associated with text-referencing (e.g., audience literacy; attitudes toward text; scribal culture; identity formation). My research aims to provide insight into the use, nature, production, and function of scripture in the Second Temple period and early Judaism and Christianity.

PhD research projects available

Hebrew Bible; text-referencing and allusion in the literature of ancient Israel, the Second Temple period, and early Christianity; Hebrew poetry; compositional strategy in prophetic literature; the book of Ezekiel; history of interpretation.

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