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Research at St Andrews

Val Smith


Research overview

Comparative and evolutionary immunology

Innate immunity in invertebrates and lower vertebrates. Antibacterial proteins in crustaceans, ascidians, cnidarians, teleosts , elasmobranchs and marine mammals. Plasticity within the innate responses of these animals. Immune development in fish and marine invertebrates and effect of environment. Complement phylogeny. Virus diseases and antiviral immunity in crustaceans. Marine invertebrate blood cell culture. Development of molecular probes for disease diagnosis in marine shellfish. Effects of environmental factors on immune capability in marine animals. Wastewater treatment by marine micro-algae. Antibacterial compounds from micro-algae.

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