Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Virginia Hernandez Santiago


Virginia Hernandez Santiago
Postal address:
School of Medicine
Medical & Biological Sciences
North Haugh
St Andrews
United Kingdom


Direct phone: +44 (0)1334 461738

Research overview


Dr Virginia H Santiago has been an academic GP since 2011. She moved to the University of St Andrews in November 2017, after being working in research in Dundee for over 6 years. Her research interests are in infectious disease epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Her current reseach focuses on Covid-19 and antimicrobial stewardship in Primary Care.  On Covid-19 she's involved in national and international projects which try to better understand the current Covid-19 pandemic from different angles, including studying community cases, true incidence, risk factors, safety of common treatments (currently leading a project on the safety of inhaled steroids in asthma and COPD patients with Covid), and long Covid. From the stewardship perspective, Dr Santiago has expertise in epidemiological studies on AMR prevalence and risk factors, and developing and evaluating interventions for improving antimicrobial use in the community, including clinical trials and rapid diagnostics.

Although she's based within the Division of Population and Behavioural Sciences, she also works across and collaborates with the Infection and Global Health, and Medical Education divisions within the School.

She is part of the EU GRIN Network (General Practice Research on Infections), and a member of the Spanish Society of General Practice special interest group on Infectious Diseases.

Prior to that, she was a CSO PhD Clinical Academic Training Fellow, and NES GP Academic Fellow at Dundee University, having qualified as a General Practitioner with Disctintion in Madrid, Spain, in 2010. The title of her PhD project was “Primary care antimicrobial stewardship: impact on prescribing and resistance”.

Current Research Projects

1. Lived experience of long term COVID-19 on NHS workers in health care settings in Scotland: a longitudinal mixed methods study. N Torrance (co-PI), A Grant (co-PI), C Kennedy, F Douglas, A Kidd, V Hernandez Santiago (co-applicant), D Skatun. Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government. £294,605. February 2021 - November 2022.

2. V Hernandez Santiago, F Sullivan, B Lipworth, C Jackson, C McCowan, D Morales. Does inhaled corticosteroid use impact on clinical outcomes in COPD and asthma  patients with COVID-19 infection in real life? 2020-2021.

3. C McCowan (PI), J Bowles, M Cevik, V Hernandez-Santiago (co-applicant), S Gillespie, U Agrawal, A Azcoaga-Lorenzo, F Sullivan, Fi Rahman, D Portela, T Webber, S Dobson, T Palmer, R Gill, D Burnett. Identifying community Covid-19 cases and exploring differences with patients diagnosed in healthcare settings. Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government. £68,872. May – December 2020.

4. Lingering symptoms in non-hospitalised patients with COVID-19. K Hedin, M Plejdrup, Alike W. van der Velden, A Vellinga, V Hernandez Santiago.

5. Effectiveness of the MultiPAP Plus intervention in young-old patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy aimed at improving prescription in primary care: cluster RCT. Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (FIS). PI18/01515. (co-applicant ). Lead PI Prof Isabel del Cura. €40,020. 2018-2021.

6. Urinary tract infection in adults in primary care in Spain: incidence, aetiology, drug prescription and antibiotic resistance (2009-2018). STUDY ITURA-AP. Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (FIS) (PI19/01700) (co-applicant). Lead PI Dr Jesus Redondo. €27,346. 2019-2022.


Past projects:

1. Stephen Gillespie (co-PI), Robert Hammond, Frank Sullivan and V Hernandez Santiago (co-PI). SLIC: A feasibility study of a novel, rapid diagnostic test for uncomplicated urinary tract infections in primary care. NHS Fife Endowment Fund. £64,775. 2018 – 2020.

2. V. Hernandez Santiago (PI), B Guthrie, C Marwick y P Donnan. A multilevel analysis of the impact of changes in antimicrobial prescribing on antimicrobial resistance. Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government (CAF-12-17). £232,847. 2013 - 2017

3. V. Hernandez Santiago (PI), B Guthrie, P G Davey, P Donnan, G Orange, H Steele. Quinolone exposure and its relation to quinolone resistance in Primary Care. Royal College of GPs Scientific Foundation Board (RCGP_SFB_2011-17). £10,942. 2012 - 2014.

4. e-EDUCAGUIA: an intervention to implement adherence to clinical practice guidelines among Spanish GP trainees). Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (FIS) (PI11/0047). (co-applicant). Lead PI Prof Isabel del Cura. €51,300. 2011-2016.

5. Management of housbound patients with suspected urinary infection in out-of-hours: audit of current practice. Room for improvement? - BSc (Hons) Medicine project. Virginia Hernandez Santiago (PI, main supervisor).

6. How do clinical decision support systems affect the prescription of antibiotics in respiratory tract infections in A&E? A systematic review. – BSc (Hons) Medicine project. Virginia Hernandez Santiago (PI, main supervisor).

7. Antimicrobial treatment and treatment duration for urinary tract infections in adult males.Akke Vellinga (PI), Karen Farrell, Meera Tandan, Ingvild Vik, Virginia Hernandez Santiago, Marius Skow, Anja Brand, Ildiko Gagyor, Filip Jansaker, Gail Hayward. April - December 2019.


PhD research projects available

Infectious disease epidemiology Antimicrobial stewardship Primary care research Health services research

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations