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Research at St Andrews

Wenchang Li


Wenchang Li
Postal address:
School of Psychology & Neuroscience
Westburn Lane
St Andrews
United Kingdom


Direct phone: +44 (0)1334 463579

Research overview

My research uses young frog tadpoles as a simple model system to study the basic neuronal mechanisms underlying motor control. Apart from basic motor reflexes, tadpoles can swim forward when touched and struggle when held, with both behaviour powered by axial muscles. They also exhibit some acute, concussion-like response when swim into solid objects. The tadpole spinal cord and hindbrain are simple and highly accessible for recordings, making it an ideal place to investigate rules that may be common to the movements of different animal species. I’m also interested in how these mechanisms mature during neural development. Our research methods include electrophysiology, calcium imaging, optogenetics, mRNA microinjections, anatomy and computer modelling.

General information on tadpoles

Recent sample projects

Older projects


Lab members

Yi Lou  PhD student funded by the Chinese Scholarship Council and the University of St Andrews.

Giulia Messa   co-supervised PhD student from Dr Stella Koutsikou's lab in the University of Kent.

Dr Shiv Kumar   Postdoctoral research fellow funded by BBSRC.

Valentina Saccromano   PhD student co-supervised with Dr Maarten Zwart





PhD positions: I always welcome inquiries from students with genuine research interests on potential PhD projects, which can be on either motor control or developmental plasticity. You should hold or expect to hold at least an upper second first degree in neuroscience or related subjects.

China Scholarship Council and University of St Andrews Scholarships This is suitable for students of Chinese nationality in the last year of your BSc or MSc study. The deadline of which is usually January every year. Therefore you need to contact me well in advance to discuss potential projects for your application.


Former lab members

Nicola Porter: PhD student funded by BBSRC.

Dr Peter Moult: postdoctoral research fellow funded by Wellcome Trust.

Dr Hong-Yan Zhang: short-term postdoctoral research fellow funded by Wellcome Trust.

Dr Erik Svensson: postdoctoral research fellow funded by BBSRC.

Monica Wagner:  research assistant funded by BBSRC.



Dr Steve Soffe and Prof Alan Roberts at the University of Bristol

Prof Roman Borisyuk at Plymouth University

Dr Joel Tabak-Sznajder in the University of Exeter

Prof Keith Sillar at the University of St Andrews

Dr Hong-Yan Zhang: at the University of Edinburgh

Dr Xinhua Shu: at Glasgow caledonian University

Research overview

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