Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

A 3D stereo camera system for precisely positioning animals in space and time

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Here, we describe a portable stereo camera system that integrates a GPS receiver, an attitude sensor and 3D stereo photogrammetry to rapidly estimate the position of multiple animals in space and time. We demonstrate the performance of the system during a field test by simultaneously tracking the individual positions of six long-finned pilot whales, Globicephala melas. In shore-based accuracy trials, a system with a 50-cm stereo baseline had an average range estimation error of 0.09 m at a 5-m distance increasing up to 3.2 at 50 m. The system is especially useful in field situations where it is necessary to follow groups of animals travelling over relatively long distances and time periods whilst obtaining individual positions with high spatial and temporal resolution (up to 8 Hz). These positions provide quantitative estimates of a variety of key parameters and indicators for behavioural studies such as inter-animal distances, group dispersion, speed and heading. This system can additionally be integrated with other techniques such as archival tags, photo-identification methods or acoustic playback experiments to facilitate fieldwork investigating topics ranging from natural social behaviour to how animals respond to anthropogenic disturbance. By grounding observations in quantitative metrics, the system can characterize fine-scale behaviour or detect changes as a result of disturbance that might otherwise be difficult to observe.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-693
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Volume69
Issue number4
Early online date28 Feb 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

    Research areas

  • Photogrammetry, Group cohesion, Collective behaviour, Geo-location, Range-finding

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Evidence for discrimination between feeding sounds of familiar fish and unfamiliar mammal-eating killer whale ecotypes by long-finned pilot whales

    Curé, C., Isojunno, S., I Vester, H., Visser, F., Oudejans, M., Biassoni, N., Massenet, M., Barluet de Beauchesne, L., J Wensveen, P., Sivle, L. D., Tyack, P. L. & Miller, P. J. O., 22 Jun 2019, In : Animal Cognition. 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Foraging rates of ram-filtering North Atlantic right whales

    van der Hoop, J. M., Nousek-McGregor, A. E., Nowacek, D. P., Parks, S. E., Tyack, P. & Madsen, P. T., 10 Jun 2019, In : Functional Ecology. Early View, 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Northern bottlenose whales in a pristine environment respond strongly to close and distant navy sonar signals

    Wensveen, P. J., Isojunno, S., Hansen, R. R., Von Benda-beckmann, A. M., Kleivane, L., Van Ijsselmuide, S., Lam, F. A., Kvadsheim, P. H., Deruiter, S. L., Curé, C., Narazaki, T., Tyack, P. L. & Miller, P. J. O., 20 Mar 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1899, 10 p., 20182592.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Diving behavior and fine-scale kinematics of free-ranging Risso’s dolphins foraging in shallow and deep-water habitats

    Arranz, P., Benoit-Bird, K., Friedlaender, A. S., Hazen, E. L., Goldbogen, J. A., Stimpert, A. K., De Ruiter, S. L., Calambokidis, J., Southall, B., Fahlman, A. & Tyack, P. L., 12 Mar 2019, In : Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 7, 15 p., 53.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Marine mammal noise exposure criteria: updated scientific recommendations for residual hearing effects

    Southall, B. L., Finneran, J. J., Reichmuth, C., Nachtigall, P. E., Ketten, D. R., Bowles, A. E., Ellison, W. T., Nowacek, D. P. & Tyack, P. L., 11 Mar 2019, In : Aquatic Mammals. 45, 2, p. 125-232

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Monica Arso Civil (Reviewer)
    15 Dec 2016 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Luke Edward Rendell (Editor)
    2015 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  3. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Kate Arnold (Reviewer)
    2007 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Vincent Janik (Member of editorial board)
    20052014

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  5. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Anne Magurran (Editor)
    19972002

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. The development of communication in alarm contexts in wild chimpanzees

    Dezecache, G., Crockford, C. & Zuberbuhler, K., 6 Jul 2019, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 73, 9 p., 104.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A review of thanatosis (death feigning) as an anti-predator behaviour

    Humphreys, R. K. & Ruxton, G. D., Feb 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 16 p., 22.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Circular data in biology: advice for effectively implementing statistical procedures

    Landler, L., Ruxton, G. D. & Malkemper, E. P., Aug 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 8, 10 p., 128.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Contextual encoding in titi monkey alarm call sequences

    Berthet, M., Neumann, C., Mesbahi, G., Cäsar Damas, C. & Zuberbuhler, K., Jan 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 11 p., 8.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. First-year sperm whale calves echolocate and perform long, deep dives

    Tønnesen, P., Gero, S., Ladegaard, M., Johnson, M. & Madsen, P. T., Oct 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 165.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 172090190