Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

A combined tree ring and vegetation model assessment of European forest growth sensitivity to interannual climate variability

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

S. Klesse, F. Babst, S. Lienert, R. Spahni, F. Joos, O. Bouriaud, M. Carrer, A. Di Filippo, B. Poulter, V. Trotsiuk, R. Wilson, D. C. Frank

School/Research organisations

Abstract

The response of forest growth to climate variability varies along environmental gradients. A growth increase and decrease with warming is usually observed in cold‐humid and warm‐dry regions, respectively. However, it remains poorly known where the sign of these temperature effects switches. Here we introduce a newly developed European tree‐ring network that has been specifically collected to reconstruct forest aboveground biomass increment (ABI). We quantify, how the long‐term (1910‐2009) inter‐annual variability of ABI depends on local mean May‐August temperature and test, if a dynamic global vegetation model (DGVM) ensemble reflects the resulting patterns. We find that sites at 8°C mean May‐August temperature increase ABI on average by 5.7 ± 1.3 %, whereas sites at 20°C decrease ABI by 3.0±1.8 % m‐2 y‐1 ∆°C‐1. A threshold temperature between beneficial and detrimental effects of warming and the associated increase in water demand on tree growth emerged at 15.9 ± 1.4°C mean May‐August temperature. Because inter‐annual variability increases proportionally with mean growth rate – i.e. the coefficient of variation stays constant – we were able to validate these findings with a much larger tree‐ring dataset that had been established following classic dendrochronological sampling schemes. While the observed climate sensitivity pattern is well reflected in the DGVM ensemble, there is a large spread of threshold temperatures between the individual models. Also, individual models disagree strongly on the magnitude of climate impact at the coldest and warmest locations, suggesting where model improvement is most needed to more accurately predict forest growth and effectively guide silvicultural practices.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles
VolumeEarly View
Early online date23 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Aug 2018

    Research areas

  • Tree ring, Vegetation model, Climate sensitivity, Net primary productivity, Aboveground biomass increment, Inter-annual variability

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Coupled modes of North Atlantic Ocean-atmosphere variability and the onset of the Little Ice Age

    Anchukaitis, K. J., Cook, E. R., Cook, B. I., Pearl, J. K., D'Arrigo, R. & Wilson, R., 7 Nov 2019, In : Geophysical Research Letters. Early View, 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Scientific merits and analytical challenges of tree-ring densitometry

    Björklund, J., von Arx, G., Nievergelt, D., Wilson, R., Van den Bulcke, J., Günther, B., Loader, N. J., Rydval, M., Fonti, P., Scharnweber, T., Andreu-Hayles, L., Büntgen, U., D'Arrigo, R., Davi, N., De Mil, T., Esper, J., Gärtner, H., Geary, J., Gunnarson, B. E., Hartl, C. & 22 others, Hevia, A., Song, H., Janecka, K., Kaczka, R. J., Kirdyanov, A. V., Kochbeck, M., Liu, Y., Meko, M., Mundo, I., Nicolussi, K., Oelkers, R., Pichler, T., Sánchez-Salguero, R., Schneider, L., Schweingruber, F., Timonen, M., Trouet, V., Van Acker, J., Verstege, A., Villalba, R., Wilmking, M. & Frank, D., 10 Sep 2019, (Accepted/In press) In : Reviews of Geophysics. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Yellow-cedar blue intensity tree ring chronologies as records of climate, Juneau, Alaska, USA

    Wiles, G. C., Charlton, J., Wilson, R., D'Arrigo, R. D., Buma, B., Krapek, J., Gaglioti, B. V., Wiesenberg, N. & Oelkers, R., 5 Sep 2019, In : Canadian Journal of Forest Research. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Improved dendroclimatic calibration using blue intensity in the southern Yukon

    Wilson, R., Anchukaitis, K., Andreu-Hayles, L., Cook, E., D’Arrigo, R., Davi, N., Haberbauer, L., Krusic, P., Luckman, B., Morimoto, D., Oelkers, R., Wiles, G. & Wood, C., 23 Jul 2019, In : The Holocene. Online First, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Disproportionately strong climate forcing from extratropical explosive volcanic eruptions

    Toohey, M., Krüger, K., Schmidt, H., Timmreck, C., Sigl, M., Stoffel, M. & Wilson, R., Feb 2019, In : Nature Geoscience. 12, 2, p. 100-107 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Coralline algae as a globally significant pool of marine dimethylated sulfur

    Burdett, H., Hatton, A. & Kamenos, N., 11 Nov 2015, In : Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 29, 10, p. 1845–1853

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Calcium isotope ratios in the world's largest rivers: A constraint on the maximum imbalance of oceanic calcium fluxes

    Tipper, E. T., Gaillardet, J., Galy, A., Louvat, P., Bickle, M. J. & Capmas, F., 30 Sep 2010, In : Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 24, 3, 13 p., GB3019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Continental-scale measurement of the soil organic carbon pool with climatic, edaphic, and biotic controls

    Wynn, J. G., Bird, M. I., Vellen, L., Grand-Clement, E., Carter, J. & Berry, S. L., 10 Feb 2006, In : Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 20, 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Response of central Siberian Scots pine to soil water deficit and long-term trends in atmospheric CO2 concentration

    Arneth, A., Lloyd, J., Santruckovo, H., Bird, M. I., Grigoryev, S., Kalaschnikov, YN., Gleixner, G. & Schulze, ED., 2002, In : Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 16

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 255126281

Top