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A gadolinium spin label with both a narrow central transition and short tether for use in double electron electron resonance distance measurements

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Anokhi Shah, Amandine Roux, Matthieu Starck, Jackie A. Mosely, Michael Stevens, David G. Norman, Robert I. Hunter, Hassane El Mkami, Graham Smith, David Parker, Janet E. Lovett

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The design, synthesis, and application of a nine-coordinate gadolinium(III)-containing spin label, [Gd.sTPATCN]-SL, for use in nanometer-distance measurement experiments by EPR spectroscopy is presented. The spin label links to cysteines via a short thioether tether and has a narrow central transition indicative of small zero-field splitting (ZFS). A protein homodimer, TRIM25cc, was selectively labeled with [Gd.sTPATCN]-SL (70%) and a nitroxide (30%) under mild conditions and measured using the double electron electron resonance (DEER) technique with both commercial Q-band and home-built W-band spectrometers. The label shows great promise for increasing the sensitivity of DEER measurements through both its favorable relaxation parameters and the large DEER modulation depth at both Q- and W-band for the inter-Gd(III) DEER measurement which, at 9%, is the largest recorded under these conditions.


Original languageEnglish
JournalInorganic Chemistry
VolumeArticle ASAP
Early online date18 Feb 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18 Feb 2019

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