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A new solid solution series linking LiTi2O4 and Li2Ti3O7 ramsdellites: a combined X-ray and neutron study

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Author(s)

Richard KB Gover, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

School/Research organisations

Abstract

We report the discovery of a new solid solution linking the LiTi2O4 and Li2Ti3O7 ramsdellite phases. The solid solution system is Li1+xTi2-2xO4 (0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 0.143), where Li2Ti3O7 can be written as Li1.143Ti1.714O4. Combined Rietveld refinement of X-ray and neutron diffraction data sets has been used to determine the structure of various members of this solid solution. Unit-cell dimensions were seen to decrease as the Li content increased, in accord with the expected decrease in ionic size of Ti on oxidation, The Li channel and framework occupancy was seen to follow a simple substitutional mechanism; for every two titanium atoms in the framework that are replaced by lithium atoms, one lithium is lost from the channel sites, introducing a channel vacancy site, The lithium temperature factors were seen to increase over a composition range from x = 0 to x = 0.143, This is probably related to the increased number of channel vacancies, No evidence was observed for the splitting of the Li channel sites, even for the x = 0.143 end member. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365
Number of pages365
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume141
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998

    Research areas

  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE, IONIC-CONDUCTIVITY, DIFFRACTION, TRANSITION, LI0.5TIO2, SYSTEM

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