Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

A social identity model of riot diffusion: from injustice to empowerment in the 2011 London riots

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access Status

  • Embargoed (until 2/12/20)

Author(s)

John Drury, Clifford Stott, Roger Ball, Stephen David Reicher, Fergus Gilmour Neville, Linda Bell, Mikey Biddlestone, Sanjeedah Choudhury, Max Lovell, Caoimhe Eileen Ryan

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Previous research has shown that riots spread across multiple locations, but has not explained underlying psychological processes. We examined rioting in three locations during the August 2011 disorders in England to test a social identity model of riot diffusion. We triangulated multiple sources to construct a narrative of events; and we analysed interviews with 68 participants to examine experiences. In line with the model, we found evidence for two pathways of influence: “cognitive” and “strategic”. For some participants, previous rioting was highly self-relevant, and shared identity was the basis of their subsequent involvement. For others, previous rioting was empowering because it demonstrated the vulnerability of a common enemy (the police). In each location, interaction dynamics mediated the link between initial perceptions and collective action. The utility of this social identity approach is that it is able to account for both the boundaries and the sequence of urban riot diffusion.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
VolumeAccepted articles
Early online date2 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Riots, Social Identity, Social Influence, Contagion, Collective Empowerment, Collective Action

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Who controls the city? A micro-historical case study of the spread of rioting across North London in August 2011

    Ball, R., Stott, C., Drury, J., Neville, F. G., Reicher, S. D. & Choudhury, S., 12 Nov 2019, In : City. Latest articles

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A glossary for research on human crowd dynamics

    Consortium for the Physics and Psychology of Human Crowd Dynamics, Adrian, J., Amos, M., Baratchi, M., Beermann, M., Bode, N., Boltes, M., Corbetta, A., Dezecache, G., Drury, J., Fu, Z., Geraerts, R., Gwynne, S., Hofinger, G., Hunt, A., Kanters, T., Kneidl, A., Konya, K., Köster, G., Küpper, M. & 20 others, Michalareas, G., Neville, F., Ntonis, E., Reicher, S., Ronchi, E., Schadschneider, A., Seyfried, A., Shipman, A., Sieben, A., Spearpoint, M., Sullivan, G., Templeton, A., Toschi, F., van der Wal, N., van Schadewijk, F., von Krüchten, C., Wijermans, N., Yücel, Z., Zanlungo, F. & Zuriguel, I., 1 Mar 2019, In : Collective Dynamics. 4, p. 1-13 13 p., A19.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Re-reading the 2011 English riots: ESRC ‘Beyond Contagion’ interim report

    Drury, J., Ball, R., Neville, F. G., Reicher, S. D. & Stott, C., 28 Feb 2019, The Guardian newspaper.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  4. Crowds, social identities and the shaping of everyday social relations

    Neville, F. G. & Reicher, S. D., 10 Oct 2018, Political Psychology: A Social-Psychological Approach. Hewer, C. J. & Lyons, E. (eds.). Wiley

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  5. The evolving normative dimensions of "riot": toward an elaborated social identity explanation

    Stott, C., Ball, R., Drury, J., Neville, F., Reicher, S., Boardman, A. & Choudhury, S., 7 May 2018, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Social relations in crowds: recognition, validation and solidarity

    Hopkins, N., Reicher, S., Stevenson, C., Pandey, K., Shankar, S. & Tewari, S., 5 Jun 2019, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The evolving normative dimensions of "riot": toward an elaborated social identity explanation

    Stott, C., Ball, R., Drury, J., Neville, F., Reicher, S., Boardman, A. & Choudhury, S., 7 May 2018, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Social identity and health at mass gatherings

    Hopkins, N. & Reicher, S. D., Dec 2017, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. 47, 7, p. 867-877

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The rhetorical complexity of competitive and common victimhood in conversational discourse

    McNeill, A., Pehrson, S. & Stevenson, C., 7 Jun 2017, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. 47, 2, p. 167–179

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. European Journal of Social Psychology (Journal)

    Nicole Tausch (Member of editorial board)
    1 Jan 2015

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  2. European Journal of Social Psychology (Journal)

    Nicole Tausch (Member of editorial board)
    20112012

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. European Journal of Social Psychology (Journal)

    Nicole Tausch (Reviewer)
    2008

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. European Journal of Social Psychology (Journal)

    Clare Cassidy (Editor)
    2005 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

ID: 264038177

Top