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A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder

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A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder. / Waiter, GD; Williams, JHG; Murray, AD; Gilchrist, A; Perrett, David Ian; Whiten, Andrew.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 22, No. 2, 06.2004, p. 619-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Waiter, GD, Williams, JHG, Murray, AD, Gilchrist, A, Perrett, DI & Whiten, A 2004, 'A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder', NeuroImage, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 619-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

APA

Waiter, GD., Williams, JHG., Murray, AD., Gilchrist, A., Perrett, D. I., & Whiten, A. (2004). A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder. NeuroImage, 22(2), 619-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

Vancouver

Waiter GD, Williams JHG, Murray AD, Gilchrist A, Perrett DI, Whiten A. A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder. NeuroImage. 2004 Jun;22(2):619-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

Author

Waiter, GD ; Williams, JHG ; Murray, AD ; Gilchrist, A ; Perrett, David Ian ; Whiten, Andrew. / A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder. In: NeuroImage. 2004 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 619-625.

Bibtex - Download

@article{466cdaaeae3346d4813fec2176457513,
title = "A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with abnormal neuroanatomy in many imaging and neuropathological studies. Both global brain volume differences and differences in the size of specific neural structures have been reported. Here, we report a voxel-based morphometric whole brain analysis, using a group specific template, on 16 individuals of normal intelligence with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), and a group of 16 age-, sex- and IQ-matched controls. Total grey matter volume was increased in the ASD group relative to the control group, with local volume increases in the right fusiform gyrus, the right temporo-occipital region and the left frontal pole extending to the medial frontal cortex. A local decrease in grey matter volume was found in the right thalamus. A decrease in global white matter volume in the ASD group did not reach significance. We found the increase in grey matter volume in ASD subjects was greatest in those areas recognised for their role in social cognition, particularly face recognition (right fusiform gyrus), mental state attribution: 'theory of mind' (anterior cingulate and superior temporal sulcus) and perception of eye gaze (superior temporal gyrus). The picture as a whole may reflect an abnormally functioning social cognitive neural network. We suggest that increased grey matter volume may play a pivotal role in the aetiology of the autistic syndrome. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "magnetic, resonance imaging, autism, brain structure, PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS, FUSIFORM FACE AREA, ASPERGER-SYNDROME, CORPUS-CALLOSUM, MIND, INDIVIDUALS, MRI, INTELLIGENCE, NEUROANATOMY, CEREBELLUM",
author = "GD Waiter and JHG Williams and AD Murray and A Gilchrist and Perrett, {David Ian} and Andrew Whiten",
year = "2004",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "619--625",
journal = "NeuroImage",
issn = "1053-8119",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A voxel based investigation of brain structure in male adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder

AU - Waiter, GD

AU - Williams, JHG

AU - Murray, AD

AU - Gilchrist, A

AU - Perrett, David Ian

AU - Whiten, Andrew

PY - 2004/6

Y1 - 2004/6

N2 - Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with abnormal neuroanatomy in many imaging and neuropathological studies. Both global brain volume differences and differences in the size of specific neural structures have been reported. Here, we report a voxel-based morphometric whole brain analysis, using a group specific template, on 16 individuals of normal intelligence with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), and a group of 16 age-, sex- and IQ-matched controls. Total grey matter volume was increased in the ASD group relative to the control group, with local volume increases in the right fusiform gyrus, the right temporo-occipital region and the left frontal pole extending to the medial frontal cortex. A local decrease in grey matter volume was found in the right thalamus. A decrease in global white matter volume in the ASD group did not reach significance. We found the increase in grey matter volume in ASD subjects was greatest in those areas recognised for their role in social cognition, particularly face recognition (right fusiform gyrus), mental state attribution: 'theory of mind' (anterior cingulate and superior temporal sulcus) and perception of eye gaze (superior temporal gyrus). The picture as a whole may reflect an abnormally functioning social cognitive neural network. We suggest that increased grey matter volume may play a pivotal role in the aetiology of the autistic syndrome. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AB - Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) has been associated with abnormal neuroanatomy in many imaging and neuropathological studies. Both global brain volume differences and differences in the size of specific neural structures have been reported. Here, we report a voxel-based morphometric whole brain analysis, using a group specific template, on 16 individuals of normal intelligence with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), and a group of 16 age-, sex- and IQ-matched controls. Total grey matter volume was increased in the ASD group relative to the control group, with local volume increases in the right fusiform gyrus, the right temporo-occipital region and the left frontal pole extending to the medial frontal cortex. A local decrease in grey matter volume was found in the right thalamus. A decrease in global white matter volume in the ASD group did not reach significance. We found the increase in grey matter volume in ASD subjects was greatest in those areas recognised for their role in social cognition, particularly face recognition (right fusiform gyrus), mental state attribution: 'theory of mind' (anterior cingulate and superior temporal sulcus) and perception of eye gaze (superior temporal gyrus). The picture as a whole may reflect an abnormally functioning social cognitive neural network. We suggest that increased grey matter volume may play a pivotal role in the aetiology of the autistic syndrome. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KW - magnetic

KW - resonance imaging

KW - autism

KW - brain structure

KW - PERVASIVE DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS

KW - FUSIFORM FACE AREA

KW - ASPERGER-SYNDROME

KW - CORPUS-CALLOSUM

KW - MIND

KW - INDIVIDUALS

KW - MRI

KW - INTELLIGENCE

KW - NEUROANATOMY

KW - CEREBELLUM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2942586793&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

DO - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.029

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 619

EP - 625

JO - NeuroImage

JF - NeuroImage

SN - 1053-8119

IS - 2

ER -

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