Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Adolescent toothbrushing and the home environment: Sociodemographic factors, family relationships and mealtime routines and disorganisation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

Kate Ann Levin, Candace Evelyn Currie

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Objectives:

Previous studies have shown that sociodemographic factors are associated with adolescent toothbrushing. While there has been some investigation of parental modelling of oral health behaviour and the association between parental support and oral health, there has been no investigation of the home environment and its effect on oral health behaviour. The current study examines variables related to the family, including mealtime routines and family relationships to determine the best predictors of adolescent toothbrushing.

Methods:

Data from the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Survey were modelled using logistic univariate and multivariable modelling with outcome variable twice-a-day toothbrushing.

Results:

Higher family socioeconomic and affluence were significantly associated with greater odds of toothbrushing twice a day or more. Family structure was also significantly associated with girls' toothbrushing. However, under the multivariable model, eating breakfast was found to be the best predictor of twice-a-day toothbrushing among boys and girls. The next best predictor of boys' toothbrushing was eating family meals and of girls' toothbrushing, never going to bed hungry, followed by family affluence for both boys and girls. Under the multivariable model, family structure was no longer significantly associated with girls' toothbrushing.

Conclusions:

The study shows that the family and home environment should play a central role in the promotion of oral health, through mealtime routines, incorporating a fair parenting style and developing open and positive family relationships. Not only are these strongly associated with twice a day toothbrushing but, unlike sociodemographic factors, they may be relatively easy to adopt.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10-18
JournalCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by journal

  1. Association of depression and anxiety with different aspects of dental anxiety in pregnant mothers and their partners

    Lahiti, S. M., Tolvanen, M. M., Humphris, G. M., Freeman, R., Rantavuori, K., Karlsson, L. & Karlsson, H., 6 Dec 2019, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The social gradient in oral health: is there a role for dental anxiety?

    Bernabé, E., Humphris, G. & Freeman, R., Aug 2017, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 45, 4

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Maternal and paternal contribution to intergenerational psychosocial transmission of paan chewing

    Madathil, S. A., Rousseau, M-C., Allison, P., Netuveli, G., Humphris, G. M., Varghese, I., Shiraz, S., Castonguay, G., Thekkepurakkal, A-S., Shahul, H. P. & Nicolau, B., Aug 2015, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 43, 4, p. 289-297 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Hayden, C., Bowler, J., Chambers, S., Freeman, R., Humphris, G. M., Richards, D. & Cecil, J. E., 16 Nov 2012, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 15600960

Top