Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

An analysis of pilot whale vocalization activity using hidden Markov models

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Valentin Mina Popov, Roland Langrock, Stacy Lynn De Ruiter, Fleur Visser

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Vocalizations of cetaceans form a key component of their social interactions. Such vocalization activity is driven by the behavioral states of the whales, which are not directly observable, so that latent-state models are natural candidates for modeling empirical data on vocalizations. In this paper, we use hidden Markov models to analyze calling activity of long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) recorded over three years in the Vestfjord basin off Lofoten, Norway. Baseline models are used to motivate the use of three states, while more complex models are fit to study the influence of covariates on the state-switching dynamics. Our analysis demonstrates the potential usefulness of hidden Markov models in concisely yet accurately describing the stochastic patterns found in animal communication data, thereby providing a framework for drawing meaningful biological inference.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-171
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume141
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jan 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Modelling reassurances of clinicians with Hidden Markov models

    Popov, V., Ellis-Robinson, A. & Humphris, G. 9 Jan 2019 In : BMC Medical Research Methodology. 19, 10 p., 11

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Correlation estimation using components of Japanese candlesticks

    Popov, V. M. 2016 In : Quantitative Finance. 16, 10, p. 1615-1630 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Fin whale density and distribution estimation using acoustic bearings derived from sparse arrays

    Harris, D. V., Miksis-Olds, J. L., Vernon, J. A. & Thomas, L. 18 May 2018 In : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 143, 5, p. 2980-2993 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Modelling the broadband propagation of marine mammal echolocation clicks for click-based population density estimates

    von Benda-Beckmann, A., Thomas, L. J., Tyack, P. L. & Ainslie, M. Feb 2018 In : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 143, 2, p. 954-967

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Two unit analysis of Sri Lankan pygmy blue whale song over a decade

    Miksis-Olds, J. L., Nieukirk, S. L. & Harris, D. V. 13 Dec 2018 In : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 144, 6, p. 3618-3626 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Ultrasonic waves in uniaxially stressed multilayered and 1-D phononic structures: guided and Floquet wave analysis

    Demčenko, A., Wilson, R., Cooper, J., Mazilu, M. & Volker, A. 5 Jul 2018 In : Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 144, 1, p. 81-91 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 248904926