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An Integrated Resuscitation Service, Combining a Specialist Pre-Hospital Physician Response Unit With Delivery to a Dedicated High-Volume Cardiac Arrest Centre, Optimises Survival Following Cardiac Arrest

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstract

Author(s)

Mohammed M Akhtar, Ceri Hunter-Dunn, Anne Weaver, Paul Rees

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Background: Despite advances in resuscitation medicine, survival rates to discharge following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain poor. Recent data support early critical care interventions including therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and immediate percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In London, a package of high quality physician-led critical care intervention on scene, with the capacity to transfer these patients direct to a PCI centre, is available through the deployment of London's Air Ambulance specialist Physician Response Unit (PRU).Methods: Prospective data was gathered on OHCA treated by the PRU, which were transferred to a single PCI centre. Data included patient demographics, clinical characteristics, interventions and outcome.Results: Between April 2011 and April 2013, data was obtained on 20 patients, with a mean age of 59. Clinical characteristics - presenting rhythm: VF 65 asystole 15 PEA 15 VT 5 Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was achieved at scene in 75 PRU interventions: Advanced airway management 90 rapid sequence induction 50 early TH 45 mechanical CPR (mCPR) during transfer 15 Overall survival to ICU was 50 with overall survival to discharge 45 Of those patients who underwent emergency angiography, 71% survived to ICU, with 64% surviving to discharge. Of patients presenting in VF, 62% survived to discharge. Interestingly, 66% of patients who received TH survived to discharge, compared with 45% where TH was not used. All patients who underwent successful PCI survived to discharge with good neurological outcomes.9 patients had a confirmed single vessel culprit lesion treated by PCI, one patient had complex mutlivessel disease complicated by cardiogenic shock and underwent mutivessel PCI, and 2 patients had an undiagnosed underlying cardiomyopathy.Conclusions: In selected cases, outcomes following OHCA can be optimized by integrating a PRU cardiac arrest service, enabling direct triage of patients to a cardiac arrest centre, with early application of neuroprotective strategies, mCPR, circulatory support and interventional cardiology techniques.
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Original languageEnglish
Article numberA18123
JournalCirculation Research
Volume128
Issue numberSuppl 22
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2013

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