Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Standard

Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces. / Re, Daniel Edward; Dzhelyova, Milena; Holzleitner, Iris Jasmin; Tigue, Cara; Feinberg, David; Perrett, David I.

In: Perception, Vol. 41, No. 12, 01.12.2012, p. 1477-1485.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Re, DE, Dzhelyova, M, Holzleitner, IJ, Tigue, C, Feinberg, D & Perrett, DI 2012, 'Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces', Perception, vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 1477-1485. https://doi.org/10.1068/p7342

APA

Re, D. E., Dzhelyova, M., Holzleitner, I. J., Tigue, C., Feinberg, D., & Perrett, D. I. (2012). Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces. Perception, 41(12), 1477-1485. https://doi.org/10.1068/p7342

Vancouver

Re DE, Dzhelyova M, Holzleitner IJ, Tigue C, Feinberg D, Perrett DI. Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces. Perception. 2012 Dec 1;41(12):1477-1485. https://doi.org/10.1068/p7342

Author

Re, Daniel Edward ; Dzhelyova, Milena ; Holzleitner, Iris Jasmin ; Tigue, Cara ; Feinberg, David ; Perrett, David I. / Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces. In: Perception. 2012 ; Vol. 41, No. 12. pp. 1477-1485.

Bibtex - Download

@article{b72459350d214184bde4806a0a790f42,
title = "Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces",
abstract = "Facial appearance has a well-documented effect on perceived leadership ability. Face judgments of leadership ability predict political election outcomes across the world, and similar judgments of business CEOs predict company profits. Body height is also associated with leadership ability, with taller people attaining positions of leadership more than their shorter counterparts in both politics and in the corporate world. Previous studies have found some face characteristics that are associated with leadership judgments, however there have been no studies with three-dimensional faces. We assessed which facial characteristics drive leadership judgments in three-dimensional faces. We found a perceptual relationship between height and leadership ability. We also found that facial maturity correlated with leadership judgments, and that faces of people with an unhealthily high body mass index received lower leadership ratings. We conclude that face attributes associated with body size and maturity alter leadership perception, and may influence real-world democratic leadership selection.",
keywords = "Facial adiposity, BMI, Physical height, Facial maturity",
author = "Re, {Daniel Edward} and Milena Dzhelyova and Holzleitner, {Iris Jasmin} and Cara Tigue and David Feinberg and Perrett, {David I.}",
year = "2012",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1068/p7342",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "1477--1485",
journal = "Perception",
issn = "0301-0066",
publisher = "Sage",
number = "12",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Apparent height and body mass index influence perceived leadership ability in three-dimensional faces

AU - Re, Daniel Edward

AU - Dzhelyova, Milena

AU - Holzleitner, Iris Jasmin

AU - Tigue, Cara

AU - Feinberg, David

AU - Perrett, David I.

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - Facial appearance has a well-documented effect on perceived leadership ability. Face judgments of leadership ability predict political election outcomes across the world, and similar judgments of business CEOs predict company profits. Body height is also associated with leadership ability, with taller people attaining positions of leadership more than their shorter counterparts in both politics and in the corporate world. Previous studies have found some face characteristics that are associated with leadership judgments, however there have been no studies with three-dimensional faces. We assessed which facial characteristics drive leadership judgments in three-dimensional faces. We found a perceptual relationship between height and leadership ability. We also found that facial maturity correlated with leadership judgments, and that faces of people with an unhealthily high body mass index received lower leadership ratings. We conclude that face attributes associated with body size and maturity alter leadership perception, and may influence real-world democratic leadership selection.

AB - Facial appearance has a well-documented effect on perceived leadership ability. Face judgments of leadership ability predict political election outcomes across the world, and similar judgments of business CEOs predict company profits. Body height is also associated with leadership ability, with taller people attaining positions of leadership more than their shorter counterparts in both politics and in the corporate world. Previous studies have found some face characteristics that are associated with leadership judgments, however there have been no studies with three-dimensional faces. We assessed which facial characteristics drive leadership judgments in three-dimensional faces. We found a perceptual relationship between height and leadership ability. We also found that facial maturity correlated with leadership judgments, and that faces of people with an unhealthily high body mass index received lower leadership ratings. We conclude that face attributes associated with body size and maturity alter leadership perception, and may influence real-world democratic leadership selection.

KW - Facial adiposity

KW - BMI

KW - Physical height

KW - Facial maturity

U2 - 10.1068/p7342

DO - 10.1068/p7342

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 1477

EP - 1485

JO - Perception

JF - Perception

SN - 0301-0066

IS - 12

ER -

Related by author

  1. Charlie Gross: an inspiration

    Perrett, D., Dec 2020, In: Progress in Neurobiology. 195, 101928.

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

  2. The attractive side of trustworthiness: effects of relationship context and social interaction anxiety on face preferences

    Carrito, M. L., Santos, I. M., Bem-Haja, P., Lopes, A. A., Silva, C. F. & Perrett, D. I., 1 Jul 2020, In: Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences. 14, 3, p. 261-269 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Reactions to an online demonstration of the effect of increased fruit and vegetable consumption on appearance: survey

    Cairns, P., Ozakinci, G. & Perrett, D. I., Jul 2020, In: Journal of Medical Internet Research. 22, 7, 9 p., e15726.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Misperceptions of opposite-sex preferences for thinness and muscularity

    Perrett, D. I. & Lei, X., 25 May 2020, In: British Journal of Psychology. Early View, 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Skin color cues to human health: carotenoids, aerobic fitness, and body fat

    Perrett, D. I., Talamas, S., Cairns, P. & Henderson, A. J., 11 Mar 2020, In: Frontiers in Psychology. 11, 14 p., 392.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Apparent emotional expression explains the effects of head posture on perceived trustworthiness and dominance, but a measure of facial width does not

    Zhang, D., Lin, H. & Perrett, D. I., 2 Mar 2020, In: Perception. Online First

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Facial redness increases men’s perceived healthiness and attractiveness

    Thorstenson, C. A., Pazda, A. D., Elliot, A. J. & Perrett, D. I., 1 Jun 2017, In: Perception. 46, 6, p. 650-664

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Does countershading contribute to visual camouflage by concealing 3D shape?

    Penacchio, O., Lovell, P. G., Sanghera, S., Cuthill, I. C., Ruxton, G. D. & Harris, J. M., Mar 2016, In: Perception. 45, 3, p. 357-357 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalAbstractpeer-review

  4. Skin Colour Cues to Health and Fitness

    Perrett, D., Henderson, A., Whitehead, R., Hjemdahl, R., Bender, A., Waters, A., Talamas, S., Cairns, P. & Ozakinci, G., Aug 2016, In: Perception. 45, 2, p. 218-218 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalAbstractpeer-review

  5. Women’s facial redness increases their perceived attractiveness: mediation through perceived healthiness

    Pazda, A. D., Thorstenson, C. A., Elliot, A. J. & Perrett, D. I., 1 Jul 2016, In: Perception. 45, 7, p. 739-754 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 252493594

Top