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Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials: extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A

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Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials : extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A. / Ashbrook, Sharon E.; Dawson, Daniel M.; Gan, Zhehong; Hooper, Joseph Edward; Hung, Ivan; Macfarlane, Laurie E.; McKay, David; McLeod, Lucy K.; Walton, Richard I.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. Article ASAP, 04.08.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Ashbrook, SE, Dawson, DM, Gan, Z, Hooper, JE, Hung, I, Macfarlane, LE, McKay, D, McLeod, LK & Walton, RI 2020, 'Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials: extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. Article ASAP. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450

APA

Ashbrook, S. E., Dawson, D. M., Gan, Z., Hooper, J. E., Hung, I., Macfarlane, L. E., McKay, D., McLeod, L. K., & Walton, R. I. (2020). Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials: extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A. Inorganic Chemistry, Article ASAP. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450

Vancouver

Ashbrook SE, Dawson DM, Gan Z, Hooper JE, Hung I, Macfarlane LE et al. Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials: extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A. Inorganic Chemistry. 2020 Aug 4;Article ASAP. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450

Author

Ashbrook, Sharon E. ; Dawson, Daniel M. ; Gan, Zhehong ; Hooper, Joseph Edward ; Hung, Ivan ; Macfarlane, Laurie E. ; McKay, David ; McLeod, Lucy K. ; Walton, Richard I. / Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials : extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2020 ; Vol. Article ASAP.

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@article{bdf53a073129474884d37bbccd0ca230,
title = "Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials: extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A",
abstract = "We present an NMR crystallographic investigation of two as-made forms of the recently characterised gallophosphate GaPO-34A, which has an unusual framework composition with a Ga : P ratio of 7 : 6 and contains both hydroxide and fluoride anions and either 1-methylimidazolium or pyridinium as the structure-directing agent. We combine previously reported X-ray crystallographic data with solid-state NMR spectroscopy and periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations to show that the structure contains at least three distinct types of disorder (occupational, compositional and dynamic). The occupational disorder arises from the presence of six anion sites per unit cell, but a total occupancy of these of five, leading to full occupancy of four sites and partial occupancy of the fifth and sixth (which are related by symmetry). The mixture of OH and F present leads to compositional disorder on the occupied anion sites, although the occupancy of some sites by F is calculated to be energetically unfavorable and signals relating to F on these sites are not observed by NMR spectroscopy, confirming that the compositional disorder is not random. Finally, a combination of high-field 71Ga NMR spectroscopy and variable-temperature 13C and 31P NMR experiments shows that the structure directing agents are dynamic on the microsecond timescale, which can be supported by averaging the 31P chemical shifts calculated with the SDA in different orientations. This demonstrates the value of an NMR crystallographic approach, particularly in the case of highly disordered crystalline materials, where the growth of large single crystals for conventional structure determination may not be possible owing to the extent of disorder present.",
author = "Ashbrook, {Sharon E.} and Dawson, {Daniel M.} and Zhehong Gan and Hooper, {Joseph Edward} and Ivan Hung and Macfarlane, {Laurie E.} and David McKay and McLeod, {Lucy K.} and Walton, {Richard I.}",
note = "SEA, DMD, JEH and DM thank the ERC (EU FP7 Consolidator Grant 614290 “EXONMR”) for funding. SEA would like to thank the Royal Society and the Wolfson Foundation for a merit award. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory is supported by National Science Foundation Cooperative Agreement DMR-1644779 and the State of Florida.",
year = "2020",
month = aug,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450",
language = "English",
volume = "Article ASAP",
journal = "Inorganic Chemistry",
issn = "0020-1669",
publisher = "American Chemical Society (ACS)",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of NMR crystallography to highly disordered templated materials

T2 - extensive local structural disorder in the gallophosphate GaPO-34A

AU - Ashbrook, Sharon E.

AU - Dawson, Daniel M.

AU - Gan, Zhehong

AU - Hooper, Joseph Edward

AU - Hung, Ivan

AU - Macfarlane, Laurie E.

AU - McKay, David

AU - McLeod, Lucy K.

AU - Walton, Richard I.

N1 - SEA, DMD, JEH and DM thank the ERC (EU FP7 Consolidator Grant 614290 “EXONMR”) for funding. SEA would like to thank the Royal Society and the Wolfson Foundation for a merit award. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory is supported by National Science Foundation Cooperative Agreement DMR-1644779 and the State of Florida.

PY - 2020/8/4

Y1 - 2020/8/4

N2 - We present an NMR crystallographic investigation of two as-made forms of the recently characterised gallophosphate GaPO-34A, which has an unusual framework composition with a Ga : P ratio of 7 : 6 and contains both hydroxide and fluoride anions and either 1-methylimidazolium or pyridinium as the structure-directing agent. We combine previously reported X-ray crystallographic data with solid-state NMR spectroscopy and periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations to show that the structure contains at least three distinct types of disorder (occupational, compositional and dynamic). The occupational disorder arises from the presence of six anion sites per unit cell, but a total occupancy of these of five, leading to full occupancy of four sites and partial occupancy of the fifth and sixth (which are related by symmetry). The mixture of OH and F present leads to compositional disorder on the occupied anion sites, although the occupancy of some sites by F is calculated to be energetically unfavorable and signals relating to F on these sites are not observed by NMR spectroscopy, confirming that the compositional disorder is not random. Finally, a combination of high-field 71Ga NMR spectroscopy and variable-temperature 13C and 31P NMR experiments shows that the structure directing agents are dynamic on the microsecond timescale, which can be supported by averaging the 31P chemical shifts calculated with the SDA in different orientations. This demonstrates the value of an NMR crystallographic approach, particularly in the case of highly disordered crystalline materials, where the growth of large single crystals for conventional structure determination may not be possible owing to the extent of disorder present.

AB - We present an NMR crystallographic investigation of two as-made forms of the recently characterised gallophosphate GaPO-34A, which has an unusual framework composition with a Ga : P ratio of 7 : 6 and contains both hydroxide and fluoride anions and either 1-methylimidazolium or pyridinium as the structure-directing agent. We combine previously reported X-ray crystallographic data with solid-state NMR spectroscopy and periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations to show that the structure contains at least three distinct types of disorder (occupational, compositional and dynamic). The occupational disorder arises from the presence of six anion sites per unit cell, but a total occupancy of these of five, leading to full occupancy of four sites and partial occupancy of the fifth and sixth (which are related by symmetry). The mixture of OH and F present leads to compositional disorder on the occupied anion sites, although the occupancy of some sites by F is calculated to be energetically unfavorable and signals relating to F on these sites are not observed by NMR spectroscopy, confirming that the compositional disorder is not random. Finally, a combination of high-field 71Ga NMR spectroscopy and variable-temperature 13C and 31P NMR experiments shows that the structure directing agents are dynamic on the microsecond timescale, which can be supported by averaging the 31P chemical shifts calculated with the SDA in different orientations. This demonstrates the value of an NMR crystallographic approach, particularly in the case of highly disordered crystalline materials, where the growth of large single crystals for conventional structure determination may not be possible owing to the extent of disorder present.

U2 - 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450

DO - 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01450

M3 - Article

VL - Article ASAP

JO - Inorganic Chemistry

JF - Inorganic Chemistry

SN - 0020-1669

ER -

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