Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Association of depression and anxiety with different aspects of dental anxiety in pregnant mothers and their partners

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access Status

  • Embargoed (until 6/12/20)

Abstract

Objectives

The aim was to confirm the factor structure of Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) and to investigate whether the association of these factors with general anxiety and depression varied across gender.

Methods

The FinnBrain Birth Cohort Study (www.finnbrain.fi) data from the first collection point at gestational week 14 were used. Of the invited participants (n = 5790), 3808 (66%) expectant mothers and 2623 fathers or other partners of the mother agreed to participate, and 3095 (81.3%) mothers and 2011 (76.7%) fathers returned the self‐report questionnaire. Dental anxiety was measured with the MDAS, general anxiety symptoms with Symptom Checklist‐90 (anxiety subscale) and depressive symptoms with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Multiple group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) was conducted to test the equivalence of the factor structure and multiple group SEM (MGSEM) to test the configural invariance (unconstrained model) and metric invariance (structural weights model), across genders.

Results

Of those consenting, 3022 (98%) women and 1935 (96%) men answered the MDAS. The MGCFA indicated good convergent validity for the two‐factor model for MDAS, but somewhat low discriminant validity (factors demonstrated 72% shared variance). The MDAS items loaded clearly higher for the assigned factor than to the other factor (differences in loadings >0.2), indicating that the 2‐factor model has merit. According to the final MGSEM model, anxiety symptoms were directly related to anticipatory dental anxiety, but not to treatment‐related dental anxiety.

Conclusions

When assessing dental anxiety with MDAS, considering also its two factors may help clinicians in understanding the nature of patient's dental anxiety.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
VolumeEarly View
Early online date6 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Dec 2019

    Research areas

  • Dental anxiety, Depression, General anxiety, Structural equation modelling, FinnBrain, Pregnant mothers

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Specialist breast cancer nurses' views on implementing a fear of cancer recurrence intervention in practice: a mixed methods study

    Cruickshank, S., Steele, E., Fenlon, D., Arnes, J., Banks, E. & Humphris, G., Jan 2020, In : Supportive Care in Cancer. 28, 1, p. 201–210 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Identifying the key characteristics of clinical fear of cancer recurrence: an international Delphi study

    Mutsaers, B., Butow, P., Dinkel, A., Humphris, G. M., Maheu, C., Ozakinci, G., Prins, J., Sharpe, L., Smith, A. B. & Lebel, S., 25 Nov 2019, In : Psycho-Oncology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Recording communication in primary dental practice: an exploratory study of interactions between dental health professionals, children and parents

    Yuan, S., Humphris, G. M., Ross, A., MacPherson, L. & Freeman, R., 22 Nov 2019, In : British Dental Journal. 227, 10, p. 887–892

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Screening for fear of cancer recurrence: instrument validation and current status in early stage lung cancer patients

    Lee, Y-H., Hu, C-C., Humphris, G., Huang, I-C., You, K-L., Jhang, S-Y., Chen, J-S. & Lai, Y-H., 31 Oct 2019, In : Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Effect of psychological intervention on fear of cancer recurrence: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Tauber, N. M., O'Toole, M. S., Dinkel, A., Galica, J., Humphris, G., Lebel, S., Maheu, C., Ozakinci, G., Prins, J., Sharpe, L., Smith, A. B., Thewes, B., Simard, S. & Zachariae, R., 18 Sep 2019, In : Journal of Clinical Oncology. 37, 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

  1. The social gradient in oral health: is there a role for dental anxiety?

    Bernabé, E., Humphris, G. & Freeman, R., Aug 2017, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 45, 4

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Maternal and paternal contribution to intergenerational psychosocial transmission of paan chewing

    Madathil, S. A., Rousseau, M-C., Allison, P., Netuveli, G., Humphris, G. M., Varghese, I., Shiraz, S., Castonguay, G., Thekkepurakkal, A-S., Shahul, H. P. & Nicolau, B., Aug 2015, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 43, 4, p. 289-297 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Obesity and dental caries in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Hayden, C., Bowler, J., Chambers, S., Freeman, R., Humphris, G. M., Richards, D. & Cecil, J. E., 16 Nov 2012, In : Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 263392839

Top