Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Batteries and Fuel Cells

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Author(s)

R. I. Deakin, J. T S Irvine

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Batteries can be classified into primary and secondary types. A primary battery stores electrical energy in a chemical form that is introduced at the manufacturing stage and a secondary or rechargeable battery absorbs electrical energy, stores this in a chemical form, and then releases it when required. The secondary batteries that are widely used currently include nickel cadmium and lead acid batteries that are formed by connecting a number of cells in series. The insulator in nickel cadmium batteries is formed from vertical plastic rods that may be separate or as grids that are inserted between the plates and the separators in lead acid batteries are normally microporous sheets of plastic that are usually combined with corrugated and perforated spacers. This chapter concludes with the discussion of fuel cell that converts the energy of a chemical reaction directly into electrical energy. The process involves the oxidation of an external fuel that is normally a hydrogen-rich gas, and the reduction of an oxidant, which is usually atmospheric oxygen. The two main types of fuel cells being developed at present are the solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) and the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC).These two main classes are distinguished by the type of electrolyte used by them.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNewnes Electrical Power Engineer's Handbook
PublisherACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Pages339-374
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9780750662680
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Microwave irradiation synthesis to obtain La0.7-xPrxCa0.3MnO3 perovskites: electrical and electrochemical performance

    Ferrel-Alvarez, A. C., Domínguez-Crespo, M. A., Cong, H., Torres-Huerta, A. M., Palma-Ramírez, D. & Irvine, J. T. S., 15 Jan 2021, In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 851, 156882.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Graphitic-C3N4 coated floating glass beads for photocatalytic destruction of synthetic and natural organic compounds in water under UV light

    Hui, J., Pestana, C. J., Caux, M., Gunaratne, H. Q. N., Edwards, C., Robertson, P. K. J., Lawton, L. A. & Irvine, J. T. S., 15 Jan 2021, In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. 405, 112935.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Activation of anion redox in P3 structure cobalt-doped sodium manganese oxide via introduction of transition metal vacancies

    Kim, E. J., Mofredj, K., Pickup, D., Chadwick, A., Irvine, J. T. S. & Armstrong, R., 1 Jan 2021, In: Journal of Power Sources. 481, 229010.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. A Ce/Ru codoped SrFeO3−δ perovskite for a coke-resistant anode of a symmetrical solid oxide fuel cell

    Li, B., He, S., Li, J., Yue, X., Irvine, J. T. S., Xie, D., Ni, J. & Ni, C., 18 Dec 2020, In: ACS Catalysis. 10, 24, p. 14398-14409 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Photocatalytic removal of the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa PCC7813 and four microcystins by TiO2 coated porous glass beads with UV-LED irradiation

    Pestana, C. J., Portela Noronha, J., Hui, J., Edwards, C., Gunaratne, H. Q. N., Irvine, J. T. S., Robertson, P. K. J., Capelo-Neto, J. & Lawton, L. A., 25 Nov 2020, In: Science of the Total Environment. 745, 141154.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 255838162

Top