Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Beaked whale strandings and naval exercises

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Author(s)

Angela D'Amico, Robert C. Gisiner, Darlene R. Ketten, Jennifer A. Hammock, Chip Johnson, Peter L. Tyack, James Mead

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Mass strandings of beaked whales (family Ziphiidae) have been reported in the scientific literature since 1874. Several recent mass strandings of beaked whales have been reported to coincide with naval active sonar exercises. To obtain the broadest assessment of surface ship naval active sonar operations coinciding with beaked whale mass strandings, a list of global naval training and anti-submarine warfare exercises was compiled from openly available sources and compared by location and time with historic stranding records. This list includes activities of navies of other nations but emphasizes recent U.S. activities because of what is available in publicly accessible sources. Of 136 beaked whale mass stranding events reported from 1874 to 2004, 126 occurred between 1950 and 2004, after the introduction and implementation of modern, high-power mid-frequency active sonar (MFAS). Of these 126 reports, only two reported details on the use, timing, and location of sonar in relation to mass strandings. Ten other mass strandings coincided in space and time with naval exercises that may have included MFAS. An additional 27 mass stranding events occurred near a naval base or ship but with no direct evidence of sonar use. The remaining 87 mass strandings have no evidence for a link with any naval activity. Six of these 87 cases have evidence for a cause unrelated to active sonar. The large number of global naval activities annually with potential MFAS usage in comparison to the relative rarity of mass stranding events suggests that most MFAS operations take place with no reported stranding events and that for an MFAS operation to cause a mass stranding of beaked whales, a confluence of several risk factors is probably required. Identification of these risk factors will help in the development of measures to reduce the risk of sonar-related strandings.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-472
Number of pages21
JournalAquatic Mammals
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2009

    Research areas

  • Beaked whale, Mass stranding event, MFAS, Mid-frequency active sonar, Navy sonar, Stranding event, Ziphiidae

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Effects of 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging exposure on the behavior and orientation of homing pigeons Columba livia domestica

    Párraga, D. G., Tyack, P. L., Marco-Cabedo, V., Crespo-Picazo, J. L., Manteca, X. & Martí-Bonmatí, L., 18 Dec 2020, In: PLoS ONE. 15, 12, 9 p., e0241280.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. On the use of the Lloyd's Mirror effect to infer the depth of vocalizing fin whales

    Pereira, A., Harris, D., Tyack, P. & Matias, L., 1 Nov 2020, In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 148, 5, p. 3086-3101 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Short-term responses of sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus to the attachment of suction cup tags

    Warren, V. E., Miller, P. J. O. & Tyack, P. L., 9 Jul 2020, In: Marine Ecology Progress Series. 645, p. 219-234 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Flash and grab: deep-diving southern elephant seals trigger anti-predator flashes in bioluminescent prey

    Goulet, P., Guinet, C., Campagna, C., Campagna, J., Tyack, P. L. & Johnson, M., 19 May 2020, In: Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 10, 11 p., jeb.222810.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Fin whale acoustic presence and song characteristics in seas to the southwest of Portugal

    Pereira, A., Harris, D., Tyack, P. & Matias, L., Apr 2020, In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 147, 4, p. 2235-2249 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Entanglements and mortality of endemic Chilean dolphins (Cephalorhynchus eutropia) in salmon farms in Southern Chile

    Espinosa-Miranda, C., Carceres, B., Blank, O., Fuentes-Riquelme, M. & Heinrich, S., 12 Jul 2020, In: Aquatic Mammals. 46, 4, p. 337-343

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. A giant’s dance: underwater social and vocal behavior of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) recorded on the Northern Coast of Ecuador

    Oña, J., Duque, E., Garland, E. C., Seger, K., Narváez, M., Maldonado, J. & Denkinger, J., 12 Jul 2019, In: Aquatic Mammals. 45, 4, p. 456-464

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Changes in the spatial distribution of acoustically derived Minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) tracks in response to navy training

    Harris, C. M., Martin, S., Martin, C., Helble, T., Henderson, E., Paxton, C. G. M. & Thomas, L., 11 Nov 2019, In: Aquatic Mammals. 45, 6, p. 661-674

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Interpreting fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) call behavior in the context of environmental conditions

    Miksis-Olds, J. L., Harris, D. V. & Mouw, C., 11 Nov 2019, In: Aquatic Mammals. 45, 6, p. 691-705 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Aquatic Mammals (Journal)

    Joanna Louise Kershaw (Reviewer)

    27 Jul 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

ID: 255589011

Top