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Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment

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Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment. / Stromberg, Jessica M.; Parkinson, Alexis; Morison, Matthew; Cloutis, Edward; Casson, Nora; Applin, Daniel; Poitras, Jordan; Marti, Arola Moreras; Maggiori, Catherine; Cousins, Claire; Whyte, Lyle; Kruzelecky, Roman; Das, Debarati; Leveille, Richard; Berlo, Kim; Sharma, Shiv K.; Acosta-Maeda, Tayro; Daly, Michael; Lalla, Emmanuel.

In: Planetary and Space Science, Vol. 176, 104683, 15.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Stromberg, JM, Parkinson, A, Morison, M, Cloutis, E, Casson, N, Applin, D, Poitras, J, Marti, AM, Maggiori, C, Cousins, C, Whyte, L, Kruzelecky, R, Das, D, Leveille, R, Berlo, K, Sharma, SK, Acosta-Maeda, T, Daly, M & Lalla, E 2019, 'Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment', Planetary and Space Science, vol. 176, 104683. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007

APA

Stromberg, J. M., Parkinson, A., Morison, M., Cloutis, E., Casson, N., Applin, D., Poitras, J., Marti, A. M., Maggiori, C., Cousins, C., Whyte, L., Kruzelecky, R., Das, D., Leveille, R., Berlo, K., Sharma, S. K., Acosta-Maeda, T., Daly, M., & Lalla, E. (2019). Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment. Planetary and Space Science, 176, [104683]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007

Vancouver

Stromberg JM, Parkinson A, Morison M, Cloutis E, Casson N, Applin D et al. Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment. Planetary and Space Science. 2019 Oct 15;176. 104683. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007

Author

Stromberg, Jessica M. ; Parkinson, Alexis ; Morison, Matthew ; Cloutis, Edward ; Casson, Nora ; Applin, Daniel ; Poitras, Jordan ; Marti, Arola Moreras ; Maggiori, Catherine ; Cousins, Claire ; Whyte, Lyle ; Kruzelecky, Roman ; Das, Debarati ; Leveille, Richard ; Berlo, Kim ; Sharma, Shiv K. ; Acosta-Maeda, Tayro ; Daly, Michael ; Lalla, Emmanuel. / Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment. In: Planetary and Space Science. 2019 ; Vol. 176.

Bibtex - Download

@article{9b47e5b3ac3a4ad587ae0e25429326a7,
title = "Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment",
abstract = "This work details the laboratory analysis of a suite of 10 samples collected from an inverted fluvial channel near Hanksville, Utah, USA as a part of the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment (MSRAD). The samples were acquired along the rover traverse for detailed off-site analysis to evaluate the TOC and astrobiological significance of the samples selected based on site observations, and to address one of the science goals of the CanMars mission: to evaluate the ability of different analytical techniques being employed by the Mars2020 mission to detect and characterize any present biosignatures. Analytical techniques analogous to those on the ExoMars, MSL and the MER rovers were also applied to the samples. The total organic carbon content of the samples was <0.02% for all but 4 samples, and organic biosignatures were detected in multiple samples by UV–Vis–NIR reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy (532 nm, time-resolved, and UV), which was the most effective of the techniques. The total carbon content of the samples is < 0.3 wt% for all but one calcite rich sample, and organic C was not detectable by FTIR. Carotene and chlorophyll were detected in two samples which also contained gypsum and mineral phases of astrobiological importance for paleoenvironment/habitability and biomarker preservation (clays, gypsum, calcite) were detected and characterized by multiple techniques, of which passive reflectance was most effective. The sample selected in the field (S2) as having the highest potential for TOC did not have the highest TOC values, however, when considering the sample mineralogy in conjunction with the detection of organic carbon, it is the most astrobiologically relevant. These results highlight importance of applying multiple techniques for sample characterization and provide insights into their strengths and limitations.",
keywords = "Mars analogue, Fluvial channel, Rover instrumentation, Spectroscopy, Mineralogy, Astrobiology",
author = "Stromberg, {Jessica M.} and Alexis Parkinson and Matthew Morison and Edward Cloutis and Nora Casson and Daniel Applin and Jordan Poitras and Marti, {Arola Moreras} and Catherine Maggiori and Claire Cousins and Lyle Whyte and Roman Kruzelecky and Debarati Das and Richard Leveille and Kim Berlo and Sharma, {Shiv K.} and Tayro Acosta-Maeda and Michael Daly and Emmanuel Lalla",
note = "The University of Winnipeg's HOSERLab was established with funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Manitoba Research Innovations Fund and the Canadian Space Agency, whose support is gratefully acknowledged. This study was supported with grants from the Canadian Space Agency through their FAST program, NSERC, and UWinnipeg. ",
year = "2019",
month = oct,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
journal = "Planetary and Space Science",
issn = "0032-0633",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biosignature detection by Mars rover equivalent instruments in samples from the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment

AU - Stromberg, Jessica M.

AU - Parkinson, Alexis

AU - Morison, Matthew

AU - Cloutis, Edward

AU - Casson, Nora

AU - Applin, Daniel

AU - Poitras, Jordan

AU - Marti, Arola Moreras

AU - Maggiori, Catherine

AU - Cousins, Claire

AU - Whyte, Lyle

AU - Kruzelecky, Roman

AU - Das, Debarati

AU - Leveille, Richard

AU - Berlo, Kim

AU - Sharma, Shiv K.

AU - Acosta-Maeda, Tayro

AU - Daly, Michael

AU - Lalla, Emmanuel

N1 - The University of Winnipeg's HOSERLab was established with funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Manitoba Research Innovations Fund and the Canadian Space Agency, whose support is gratefully acknowledged. This study was supported with grants from the Canadian Space Agency through their FAST program, NSERC, and UWinnipeg.

PY - 2019/10/15

Y1 - 2019/10/15

N2 - This work details the laboratory analysis of a suite of 10 samples collected from an inverted fluvial channel near Hanksville, Utah, USA as a part of the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment (MSRAD). The samples were acquired along the rover traverse for detailed off-site analysis to evaluate the TOC and astrobiological significance of the samples selected based on site observations, and to address one of the science goals of the CanMars mission: to evaluate the ability of different analytical techniques being employed by the Mars2020 mission to detect and characterize any present biosignatures. Analytical techniques analogous to those on the ExoMars, MSL and the MER rovers were also applied to the samples. The total organic carbon content of the samples was <0.02% for all but 4 samples, and organic biosignatures were detected in multiple samples by UV–Vis–NIR reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy (532 nm, time-resolved, and UV), which was the most effective of the techniques. The total carbon content of the samples is < 0.3 wt% for all but one calcite rich sample, and organic C was not detectable by FTIR. Carotene and chlorophyll were detected in two samples which also contained gypsum and mineral phases of astrobiological importance for paleoenvironment/habitability and biomarker preservation (clays, gypsum, calcite) were detected and characterized by multiple techniques, of which passive reflectance was most effective. The sample selected in the field (S2) as having the highest potential for TOC did not have the highest TOC values, however, when considering the sample mineralogy in conjunction with the detection of organic carbon, it is the most astrobiologically relevant. These results highlight importance of applying multiple techniques for sample characterization and provide insights into their strengths and limitations.

AB - This work details the laboratory analysis of a suite of 10 samples collected from an inverted fluvial channel near Hanksville, Utah, USA as a part of the CanMars Mars Sample Return Analogue Deployment (MSRAD). The samples were acquired along the rover traverse for detailed off-site analysis to evaluate the TOC and astrobiological significance of the samples selected based on site observations, and to address one of the science goals of the CanMars mission: to evaluate the ability of different analytical techniques being employed by the Mars2020 mission to detect and characterize any present biosignatures. Analytical techniques analogous to those on the ExoMars, MSL and the MER rovers were also applied to the samples. The total organic carbon content of the samples was <0.02% for all but 4 samples, and organic biosignatures were detected in multiple samples by UV–Vis–NIR reflectance spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy (532 nm, time-resolved, and UV), which was the most effective of the techniques. The total carbon content of the samples is < 0.3 wt% for all but one calcite rich sample, and organic C was not detectable by FTIR. Carotene and chlorophyll were detected in two samples which also contained gypsum and mineral phases of astrobiological importance for paleoenvironment/habitability and biomarker preservation (clays, gypsum, calcite) were detected and characterized by multiple techniques, of which passive reflectance was most effective. The sample selected in the field (S2) as having the highest potential for TOC did not have the highest TOC values, however, when considering the sample mineralogy in conjunction with the detection of organic carbon, it is the most astrobiologically relevant. These results highlight importance of applying multiple techniques for sample characterization and provide insights into their strengths and limitations.

KW - Mars analogue

KW - Fluvial channel

KW - Rover instrumentation

KW - Spectroscopy

KW - Mineralogy

KW - Astrobiology

U2 - 10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007

DO - 10.1016/j.pss.2019.06.007

M3 - Article

VL - 176

JO - Planetary and Space Science

JF - Planetary and Space Science

SN - 0032-0633

M1 - 104683

ER -

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