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Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar

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Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar. / Goldbogen, Jeremy A. ; Southall, Brandon L.; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn; Calambokidis, John; Friedlaender, Ari S.; Hazen, Elliott L. ; Falcone, Erin A.; Schorr, Gregory S.; Douglas, Annie; Moretti, David J.; Kyburg, Chris; McKenna, Megan F. ; Tyack, Peter Lloyd.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 280, No. 1765, 2013, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Goldbogen, JA, Southall, BL, De Ruiter, SL, Calambokidis, J, Friedlaender, AS, Hazen, EL, Falcone, EA, Schorr, GS, Douglas, A, Moretti, DJ, Kyburg, C, McKenna, MF & Tyack, PL 2013, 'Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar' Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 280, no. 1765, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.0657

APA

Goldbogen, J. A., Southall, B. L., De Ruiter, S. L., Calambokidis, J., Friedlaender, A. S., Hazen, E. L., ... Tyack, P. L. (2013). Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1765), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.0657

Vancouver

Goldbogen JA, Southall BL, De Ruiter SL, Calambokidis J, Friedlaender AS, Hazen EL et al. Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2013;280(1765):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.0657

Author

Goldbogen, Jeremy A. ; Southall, Brandon L. ; De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn ; Calambokidis, John ; Friedlaender, Ari S. ; Hazen, Elliott L. ; Falcone, Erin A. ; Schorr, Gregory S. ; Douglas, Annie ; Moretti, David J. ; Kyburg, Chris ; McKenna, Megan F. ; Tyack, Peter Lloyd. / Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 280, No. 1765. pp. 1-8.

Bibtex - Download

@article{d3f3a8935fab4b2aa4074094bd69963d,
title = "Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar",
abstract = "Mid-frequency military (1–10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled exposure experiments with simulated military sonar and other mid-frequency sounds to measure behavioural responses of tagged blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in feeding areas within the Southern California Bight. Despite using source levels orders of magnitude below some operational military systems, our results demonstrate that mid-frequency sound can significantly affect blue whale behaviour, especially during deep feeding modes. When a response occurred, behavioural changes varied widely from cessation of deep feeding to increased swimming speed and directed travel away from the sound source. The variability of these behavioural responses was largely influenced by a complex interaction of behavioural state, the type of mid-frequency sound and received sound level. Sonar-induced disruption of feeding and displacement from high-quality prey patches could have significant and previously undocumented impacts on baleen whale foraging ecology, individual fitness and population health.",
keywords = "Blue whale, Military sonar, Underwater noise, Sensory ecology, Foraging, Bio-logging",
author = "Goldbogen, {Jeremy A.} and Southall, {Brandon L.} and {De Ruiter}, {Stacy Lynn} and John Calambokidis and Friedlaender, {Ari S.} and Hazen, {Elliott L.} and Falcone, {Erin A.} and Schorr, {Gregory S.} and Annie Douglas and Moretti, {David J.} and Chris Kyburg and McKenna, {Megan F.} and Tyack, {Peter Lloyd}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2013.0657",
language = "English",
volume = "280",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of London",
number = "1765",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blue whales respond to simulated mid-frequency military sonar

AU - Goldbogen, Jeremy A.

AU - Southall, Brandon L.

AU - De Ruiter, Stacy Lynn

AU - Calambokidis, John

AU - Friedlaender, Ari S.

AU - Hazen, Elliott L.

AU - Falcone, Erin A.

AU - Schorr, Gregory S.

AU - Douglas, Annie

AU - Moretti, David J.

AU - Kyburg, Chris

AU - McKenna, Megan F.

AU - Tyack, Peter Lloyd

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Mid-frequency military (1–10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled exposure experiments with simulated military sonar and other mid-frequency sounds to measure behavioural responses of tagged blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in feeding areas within the Southern California Bight. Despite using source levels orders of magnitude below some operational military systems, our results demonstrate that mid-frequency sound can significantly affect blue whale behaviour, especially during deep feeding modes. When a response occurred, behavioural changes varied widely from cessation of deep feeding to increased swimming speed and directed travel away from the sound source. The variability of these behavioural responses was largely influenced by a complex interaction of behavioural state, the type of mid-frequency sound and received sound level. Sonar-induced disruption of feeding and displacement from high-quality prey patches could have significant and previously undocumented impacts on baleen whale foraging ecology, individual fitness and population health.

AB - Mid-frequency military (1–10 kHz) sonars have been associated with lethal mass strandings of deep-diving toothed whales, but the effects on endangered baleen whale species are virtually unknown. Here, we used controlled exposure experiments with simulated military sonar and other mid-frequency sounds to measure behavioural responses of tagged blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) in feeding areas within the Southern California Bight. Despite using source levels orders of magnitude below some operational military systems, our results demonstrate that mid-frequency sound can significantly affect blue whale behaviour, especially during deep feeding modes. When a response occurred, behavioural changes varied widely from cessation of deep feeding to increased swimming speed and directed travel away from the sound source. The variability of these behavioural responses was largely influenced by a complex interaction of behavioural state, the type of mid-frequency sound and received sound level. Sonar-induced disruption of feeding and displacement from high-quality prey patches could have significant and previously undocumented impacts on baleen whale foraging ecology, individual fitness and population health.

KW - Blue whale

KW - Military sonar

KW - Underwater noise

KW - Sensory ecology

KW - Foraging

KW - Bio-logging

UR - http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/280/1765/20130657

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2013.0657

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2013.0657

M3 - Article

VL - 280

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

T2 - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1765

ER -

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ID: 57878595