Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Bottom-up vs. top-down: trade-offs in efficiency, understanding, freedom and creativity with InfoVis tools

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Author(s)

Gonzalo Gabriel Mendez, Uta Hinrichs, Miguel Nacenta

School/Research organisations

Abstract

The emergence of tools that support fast-and-easy visualization creation by non-experts has made the benefits of InfoVis widely accessible. Key features of these tools include attribute-level operations, automated mappings, and visualization templates. However, these features shield people from lower-level visualization design steps, such as the specific mapping of data points to visuals. In contrast, recent research promotes constructive visualization where individual data units and visuals are directly manipulated. We present a qualitative study comparing people's visualization processes using two visualization tools: one promoting a top-down approach to visualization construction (Tableau Desktop) and one implementing a bottom-up constructive visualization approach (iVoLVER). Our results show how the two approaches influence: 1) the visualization process, 2) decisions on the visualization design, 3) the feeling of control and authorship, and 4) the willingness to explore alternative designs. We discuss the complex trade-offs between the two approaches and outline considerations for designing better visualization tools.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2017 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherACM
Pages841-852
ISBN (Print)9781450346559
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2017
EventACM CHI 2017 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Colorado Convention Center, Denver, United States
Duration: 6 May 201711 May 2017
https://chi2017.acm.org/

Conference

ConferenceACM CHI 2017 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Abbreviated titleCHI
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period6/05/1711/05/17
Internet address

    Research areas

  • Information visualization, iVoLVER, Tableau Desktop, Visualization tools, Tools for non-experts, Visual languages, Visual programming, Top-down vs bottom-up design, Observational studies, Visualization novices, Constructive visualization

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Considering agency and data granularity in the design of visualization tools

    Mendez, G. G., Nacenta, M. & Hinrichs, U., 21 Apr 2018, Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'18). New York, NY: ACM, 14 p. 638

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  2. The LunchTable: a multi-user, multi-display system for information sharing in casual group interactions

    Nacenta, M. A., Jakobsen, M. R., Dautriche, R., Hinrichs, U., Dörk, M., Haber, J. & Carpendale, S., 4 Jun 2012, Proceedings of the 2012 International Symposium on Pervasive Displays. New York, NY, USA: ACM, p. 18:1–18:6 6 p. (PerDis '12).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  3. FatFonts: Combining the symbolic and visual aspects of numbers

    Nacenta, M., Hinrichs, U. & Carpendale, S., 2012, Proceedings of the International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces. New York: ACM, p. 407-414 8 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  4. Let's all go to the lunch table: performance in interactive semi-public spaces

    Haber, J., Nacenta, M., Hinrichs, U., Dörk, M., Dautriche, R. & Carpendale, S., 7 May 2011. 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

  5. Visualization as Intermediate Representations (VLAIR) for human activity recognition

    Jiang, A., Nacenta, M., Terzić, K. & Ye, J., 12 Mar 2020, (Accepted/In press) 14th EAI International Conference on Pervasive Computing Technologies for Healthcare (PervasiveHealth 2020). ACM, 10 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

ID: 248903012

Top