Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Breeding site choice fails to explain interannual associations of female grey seals.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

Patrick Pomeroy, P Redman, Callan David Duck, S Ruddell, S Twiss

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Consistent, widespread fine-scale preferences for breeding sites may favour the emergence of intra-sexual associations and hence sociality. Pairwise association was defined for a terrestrially breeding phocid seal in which intraseasonal colony mixing is limited and mothers spend only 3 weeks ashore breeding. Interannual associations may occur between pairs of breeding female grey seals at North Rona, Scotland because of pupping site fidelity, 90% return rates and limited variability in parturition dates that individual mothers show. Associations can occur when mothers are found together irrespective of location, or because of joint preferences for locations. Mothers were sedentary and were unlikely to interact if they are separated by > 20 in. Using spatial and temporal association criteria, 160 of 176 of known mothers had intraseasonal associations with at least one other mother, with 14 of 126 (11.1%) of associations repeated in 2 years. The likelihood of female association in 2 years as a result of site fidelity, parturition date variation and pupping site quality was modelled. Interannual association between mothers that changed their pupping sites by up to the median observed pupping site fidelity (< 40 in) was indistinguishable from our model's predictions. However, the number of mothers that showed interannual association after displacements of > 40 in from their previous year's pupping sites was almost five times greater than the model predicted. We conclude that active association between adult female grey seals is not determined solely by habitat preference, and argue that examination of simple sociality in temporarily aggregating species can contribute significantly to socioecological models of social evolution.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-556
Number of pages11
JournalBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

    Research areas

  • interannual spatial association, intra-annual spatial association, pupping site fidelity, parturition date variability, HALICHOERUS-GRYPUS, NORTH-RONA, SOCIAL-STRUCTURE, EVOLUTION, BEHAVIOR, SCOTLAND, DISPERSAL, MOVEMENTS, PATTERNS, FIDELITY

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Harbour Seal Decline - vital rates and drivers: Report to Scottish Government MMSS/002/15

    Arso Civil, M., Smout, S. C., Duck, C. D., Morris, C., Onoufriou, J., Thompson, D., Brownlow, A., Davison, N., Cummings, C., Pomeroy, P., McConnell, B. J. & Hall, A. J., Jun 2016, SMRU. 63 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

  2. Finescale ecological niche modeling provides evidence that lactating gray seals (Halichoerus grypus) prefer access to fresh water in order to drink

    Stewart, J. E., Pomeroy, P. P., Duck, C. D. & Twiss, S. D., 1 Oct 2014, In : Marine Mammal Science. 30, 4, p. 1456-1472 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Morbillivirus neutralizing antibodies in Scottish grey seals (Halichoerus grypus): assessing the effects of the 1988 and 2002 PDV epizootics.

    Pomeroy, P., Hammond, JA., Hall, A. J., Lonergan, M. E., Duck, C. D., Smith, VJ. & Thompson, H., Feb 2005, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 287, p. 241-250 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Morbillivirus neutralizing antibodies in Scottish grey seals: assessing the effects of the 1988 and 2002 PDV epizootics

    Pomeroy, P., Hammond, J. A., Hall, A. J., Lonergan, M. E., Duck, C. D., Smith, V. J. & Thompson, H., 2005, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 287, p. 241-250

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Monica Arso Civil (Reviewer)
    15 Dec 2016 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Luke Edward Rendell (Editor)
    2015 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  3. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Kate Arnold (Reviewer)
    2007 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Vincent Janik (Member of editorial board)
    20052014

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  5. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Journal)

    Anne Magurran (Editor)
    19972002

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. The development of communication in alarm contexts in wild chimpanzees

    Dezecache, G., Crockford, C. & Zuberbuhler, K., Aug 2019, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 73, 9 p., 104.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A review of thanatosis (death feigning) as an anti-predator behaviour

    Humphreys, R. K. & Ruxton, G. D., Feb 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 16 p., 22.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Circular data in biology: advice for effectively implementing statistical procedures

    Landler, L., Ruxton, G. D. & Malkemper, E. P., Aug 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 8, 10 p., 128.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Contextual encoding in titi monkey alarm call sequences

    Berthet, M., Neumann, C., Mesbahi, G., Cäsar Damas, C. & Zuberbuhler, K., Jan 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 11 p., 8.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. First-year sperm whale calves echolocate and perform long, deep dives

    Tønnesen, P., Gero, S., Ladegaard, M., Johnson, M. & Madsen, P. T., Oct 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 165.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 307036

Top