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Calcium manganite as oxygen electrode materials for reversible solid oxide fuel cell

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Chengsheng Ni, John T.S. Irvine

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Abstract

For an efficient high-temperature reversible solid oxide fuel cell (RSOFC), the oxygen electrode should be highly active for the conversion between oxygen anions and oxygen gas. CaMnO3-δ(CM) is a perovskite that can be readily reduced with the formation of Mn3+ giving rise to oxygen defective phases. CM is examined here as the oxygen electrode for a RSOFC. CaMn0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (CMN) with Nb doping shows superior electric conductivity (125 S cm-1 at 700 ºC) to CM (1-5 S cm-1 at 700 ºC) in air and is also examined for comparison. X-ray diffraction (XRD) data show that CM and CMN are compatible with the widely used yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte up to 950 oC. Both materials show a thermal expansion coefficient (TEC) close to 10.8-10.9 ppm K-1 in the temperature range between 100-750 ºC, compatible with that of YSZ. Polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectra for both fuel cell and steam electrolysis modes were investigated at 700 ºC, showing that CM presented a polarization resistance of 0.059 Ωcm2 under a cathodic bias of -0.4 V while CMN gave a polarization resistance of 0.081 Ω cm2 under an anodic bias of 0.4 V. The phase stability up to 900 ºC of these materials was investigated with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and variable temperature XRD.

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Original languageEnglish
JournalFaraday Discussions
Early online date8 Apr 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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