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Cambrian-Eocene pre-rift, pulsed rift, passive margin and emplacement processes along the northern margin of the Southern Neotethys: evidence from the Antalya Complex in the Alanya Window (S Turkey)

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Alastair H.F. Robertson, Osman Parlak, Tim C. Kinnaird, Kemal Taslı, Paulian Dumitrica

School/Research organisations


Sedimentary rocks in the Alanya Window document pulsed Permian-Triassic rifting in a proximal basin setting, adjacent to the Tauride continental unit (Geyik Dağ). Late Cambrian-Early Ordovician clastic sediments accumulated along the north margin of Gondwana on a variable shallow-marine shelf. Above an unconformity related to rift-shoulder uplift, Late Permian facies document shallow-marine to evaporitic environments during regional tectonic subsidence (first main rift pulse). Above a second unconformity (both extension and sea-level controlled), Early Triassic carbonates and mudrocks accumulated on an unstable, gently subsiding shelf. Mudrocks, sandstones and lithoclastic debris-flows, derived from the underlying succession, accumulated during the Middle Triassic (Anisian-early Ladinian), implying strong tectonic subsidence and flank uplift (second main rift pulse). Radiolarian mudstones accumulated during late Middle Triassic-early Late Triassic in a well-oxidised, organically productive, but relatively quiescent, deep-water basin above the carbonate compensation depth (CCD). Thick (100s m) lithoclastic sandstone turbidites (commonly plant-rich) and localised debris-flows accumulated during the Late Triassic (Carnian), together with detached blocks of underlying lithologies (third main rift pulse, with regional uplift). Alkaline basaltic sills were intruded locally. Final continental break-up to create the Southern Neotethys took place regionally during the Late Triassic (Carnian). Latest Triassic-Late Cretaceous deposition records passive margin subsidence. Variable low-grade metamorphism and two-stage tectonic emplacement (southwards(?) then northwards) took place during latest Cretaceous and Eocene, respectively. The tectonic-sedimentary development of the Antalya Complex provides insights into rift/continental break-up processes that differ from the recently well-documented Alpine-North Atlantic region.


Original languageEnglish
Article number100026
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences: X
Early online date24 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

    Research areas

  • Antalya Complex, Alanya Window, Rifting, E Mediterranean, S Turkey, S Neotethys

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