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Can reduced intake associated with downsizing of a high energy dense meal item be offset by increased vegetable variety in 3-5-year-old children?

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Author(s)

Sharon A. Carstairs, Samantha J Caton, Pamela Blundell-Birtill, Barbara J. Rolls, Marion M. Hetherington, Joanne E. Cecil

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Abstract

Large portions of energy dense foods promote overconsumption but offering small portions might lead to compensatory intake of other foods. Offering a variety of vegetables could help promote vegetable intake and offset the effect of reducing the portion size (PS) of a high energy dense (HED) food. Therefore, we tested the effect on intake of reducing the PS of a HED unit lunch item while varying the variety of the accompanying low energy dense (LED) vegetables. In a within-subjects design, 43 3–5-year-old pre-schoolers were served a lunch meal in their nursery on 8 occasions. Children were served a standard (100%) or downsized (60%) portion of a HED sandwich with a side of LED vegetables offered as a single (carrot, cherry tomato, cucumber) or variety (all 3 types) item. Reducing the PS of a HED sandwich reduced sandwich (g) (p < 0.001) and total meal intake (kcal) consumption (p = 0.001) without an increased intake of other foods in the meal (LED vegetables (p = 0.169); dessert (p = 0.835)). Offering a variety of vegetables, compared with a single vegetable, increased vegetable intake (g) (p = 0.003) across PS conditions. Downsizing and variety were effective strategies individually for altering pre-schoolers’ intakes of HED and LED meal items, however, using variety to offset HED downsizing was not supported in the present study.
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Original languageEnglish
Article number1879
Number of pages15
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • Portion size, Pre-school children, Eating behavior, Variety

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  4. Downsizing meal items in pre-schoolers using variety

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    Reale, S., Marr, C., Cecil, J. E., Hetherington, M. & Caton, S., 9 Dec 2019, In : Nutrients. 11, 12, 3009.

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    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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