Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Challenges in developing direct carbon fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

DOI

Author(s)

Cairong Jiang, Jianjun Ma, Gael Corre, Sneh L. Jain, John T. S. Irvine

School/Research organisations

Abstract

A direct carbon fuel cell (DCFC) can produce electricity with both superior electrical efficiency and fuel utilisation compared to all other types of fuel cells. Although the first DCFC prototype was proposed in 1896, there was, until the 1970s, little sustained effort to investigate further, because of technology development issues. Interest in DCFCs has recently been reinvigorated as a possible method of replacing conventional coal-fired power plants to meet the demands for lower CO2 emissions, and indeed for efficient utilisation of waste derived chars. In this article, recent developments in direct carbon conversion are reviewed, with the principal emphasis on the materials involved. The development of electrolytes, anodes and cathodes as well as fuel sources is examined. The activity and chemical stability of the anode materials are a critical concern addressed in the development of new materials. Redox media of molten carbonate or molten metal facilitating the transportation of ions offer promising possibilities for carbon oxidation. The suitability of different carbon fuels in various DCFC systems, in terms of crystal structure, surface properties, impurities and particle size, is also discussed. We explore the influence of a variety of parameters on the electrochemical performance of DCFCs, with regard to their open circuit voltage, power output and lifetime. The challenges faced in developing DCFCs are summarised, and potential prospects of the system are outlined
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2889-2912
Number of pages24
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Volume46
Issue number10
Early online date19 Apr 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 May 2017

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Electrochemical properties of composite cathodes using Sm doped layered perovskite for intermediate temperature-operating solid oxide fuel cell

    Baek, S-W., Azad, A. K., Irvine, J. T. S., Choi, W. S., Kang, H. & Kim, J. H. 24 Feb 2017 In : Applied Surface Science. 432, B, p. 272-277

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Nanocrystalline CeO2-δ coated β-MnO2 nanorods with enhanced oxygen transfer property

    Huang, X., Zhao, G., Chang, Y., Wang, G. & Irvine, J. T. S. 9 Jan 2018 In : Applied Surface Science. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Infiltrated La0.4Sr0.4Fe0.03Ni0.03Ti0.94O3 based anodes for all ceramic and metal supported solid oxide fuel cells

    Nielsen, J., Persson, Å. H., Sudireddy, B. R., Irvine, J. T. S. & Thydén, K. 31 Dec 2017 In : Journal of Power Sources. 372, p. 99-106 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Zero-dimensional methylammonium iodo bismuthate solar cells and synergistic interactions with silicon nanocrystals

    McDonald, C., Ni, C., Švrček, V., Lozac'H, M., Connor, P. A., Maguire, P., Irvine, J. T. S. & Mariotti, D. 21 Dec 2017 In : Nanoscale. 9, 47, p. 18759-18771 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Metal-oxide interactions for infiltrated Ni nanoparticles on A-site deficient LaxSr1 − 3x/2TiO3

    Hui, J., Neagu, D., Miller, D. N., Yue, X., Ni, C. & Irvine, J. T. S. 15 Dec 2017 In : Solid State Ionics. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Advances in the synthesis of nitroxide radicals for use in biomolecule spin labelling

    Haugland, M., Lovett, J. E. & Anderson, E. 1 Dec 2017 In : Chemical Society Reviews. Advance Article

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  2. Exploring the emergence of complexity using synthetic replicators

    Kosikova, T. & Philp, D. 3 Nov 2017 In : Chemical Society Reviews. Advance Article

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Coordination change, lability and hemilability in metal-organic frameworks

    Morris, R. E. & Brammer, L. 7 Sep 2017 In : Chemical Society Reviews. 46, 17, p. 5444-5462 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  4. Inorganic perovskite photocatalysts for solar energy utilization

    Zhang, G., Liu, G., Wang, L. & Irvine, J. T. S. 7 Nov 2016 In : Chemical Society Reviews. 45, 21, p. 5951-5984 34 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

ID: 249879240