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Changes in stable isotope compositions during fasting in phocid seals

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Author(s)

Sarah Habran, France Damseaux, Patrick Pomeroy, Cathy Debier, Daniel Crocker, Gilles Lepoint, Krishna Das

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Abstract

Rationale:  The grey seal, Halichoerus grypus (GS), and the northern elephant seal, Mirounga angustirostris (NES), come ashore for reproduction. This period involves intense physiological processes such as lactation in females and a developmental post‐weaning fast in juveniles. Previous studies have shown that δ13C and δ15N values are affected by starvation, but the precise effects of fasting associated to lactation and post‐weaning fast in seals remain poorly understood.

Methods:  To examine the effect of lactation and post‐weaning fast on stable isotope ratios in GS and NES, blood and hair were sampled from twenty‐one GS mother‐pup pairs on the Isle of May and on twenty‐two weaned NES pups at Año Nuevo State Reserve during their respective breeding seasons. Milk samples were also collected from GS mothers. Stable isotope measurements were performed with an isotope ratio mass spectrometer coupled to an N‐C elemental analyser.
Results:  Changes in stable isotope ratios in blood components during fasting were similar and weak between GS and NES mothers especially in blood cells (GS: Δ15N = 0.05‰, Δ13C = 0.02‰; NES: Δ15N = 0.1‰, Δ13C = 0.1‰). GS showed a 15N discrimination factor between maternal and pup blood cells and milk, but not for 13C. The strongest relationship between the isotopic compositions of the mother and the pup was observed in the blood cells.
Conclusion:  Isotopic consequences of lactation, fasting, and growth seem limited in NES and GS, especially in medium‐term integrator tissues of feeding activity such as blood cells. Stable isotope ratios in the blood of pups and mothers are correlated. We observed a subtle mother‐to‐pup fractionation factor. Our results suggest that pup blood cells are mostly relevant for exploring the ecology of female seals.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-184
Number of pages9
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Volume33
Issue number2
Early online date19 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

    Research areas

  • Stable isotopes, Seal, Lactation, Post-weaning fast, Reproduction

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