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Characterisation and expression of myogenesis regulatory factors during in vitro myoblast development and in vivo fasting in the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata)

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Author(s)

Daniel Garcia de la Serrana, Marta Codina, Encamacion Capilla, Vanesa Jimenez-Amilburu, Isabel Navarro, Shao-Jun Du, Ian A. Johnston, Joaquim Gutierrez

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to characterise a primary cell culture isolated from fast skeletal muscle of the gilthead sea bream. Gene expression profiles during culture maturation were compared with those obtained from a fasting-refeeding model which is widely used to modulate myogenesis in vivo. Myogenesis is controlled by numerous extracellular signals together with intracellular transcriptional factors whose coordinated expression is critical for the appropriate development of muscle fibres. Full-length cDNAs for the transcription factors Myf5, Mrf4, Pax7 and Sox8 were cloned and sequenced for gilthead sea bream. Pax7, sox8, myod2 and myf5 levels were up-regulated during the proliferating phase of the myogenic cultures coincident with the highest expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). In contrast, myogenin and mrf4 transcript abundance was highest during the differentiation phase of the culture when myotubes were present, and was correlated with increased myosin heavy chain (mhc) and desmin expression. In vivo, 30 days of fasting resulted in muscle fibre atrophy, a reduction in myod2, myf5 and igf1 expression, lower number of Myod-positive cells, and decreased PCNA protein expression, whereas myogenin expression was not significantly affected. Myostatinl (mstnl) and pax7 expression were up-regulated in fasted relative to well-fed individuals, consistent with a role for Pax7 in the reduction of myogenic cell activity with fasting. The primary cell cultures and fasting-feeding experiments described provide a foundation for the future investigations on the regulation of muscle growth in gilthead sea bream. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-99
Number of pages10
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology
Volume167
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

    Research areas

  • Mrf4, Myf5, Myod, Myogenesis, Myogenin, Pax7, Primary cell cultures, Sox8, TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS, MUSCLE PROGENITOR CELLS, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, RAINBOW-TROUT, GENE-EXPRESSION, SATELLITE CELLS, IGF-I, COMPENSATORY GROWTH, MYOSATELLITE CELLS, ATLANTIC SALMON

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