Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Chimpanzees behave prosocially in a group-specific manner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Author(s)

Edwin J. C. van Leeuwen, Sarah E. DeTroy, Stephan P. Kaufhold, Clara Dubois, Sebastian Schütte, Josep Call, Daniel B. M. Haun

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Chimpanzees act cooperatively in the wild, but whether they afford benefits to others, and whether their tendency to act prosocially varies across communities, is unclear. Here, we show that chimpanzees from neighboring communities provide valuable resources to group members at personal cost, and that the magnitude of their prosocial behavior is group specific. Provided with a resource-donation experiment allowing free (partner) choice, we observed an increase in prosocial acts across the study period in most of the chimpanzees. When group members could profit (test condition), chimpanzees provided resources more frequently and for longer durations than when their acts produced inaccessible resources (control condition). Strikingly, chimpanzees’ prosocial behavior was group specific, with more socially tolerant groups acting more prosocially. We conclude that chimpanzees may purposely behave prosocially toward group members, and that the notion of group-specific sociality in nonhuman animals should crucially inform discussions on the evolution of prosocial behavior.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabc7982
Number of pages10
JournalScience Advances
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2021

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Targeted helping and cooperation in zoo-living chimpanzees and bonobos

    Nolte, S. & Call, J., 10 Mar 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 3, 19 p., 201688.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Non-human primates use combined rules when deciding under ambiguity

    Romain, A., Broihanne, M-H., De Marco, A., Ngoubangoye, B., Call, J., Rebout, N. & Dufour, V., 1 Mar 2021, In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences. 376, 1819

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Evaluating the influence of action- and subject-specific factors on chimpanzee action copying

    Motes-Rodrigo, A., Mundry, R., Call, J. & Tennie, C., 10 Feb 2021, In: Royal Society Open Science. 8, 2, 20 p., 200228.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Chimpanzees’ (Pan troglodytes) internal arousal remains elevated if they cannot themselves help a conspecific

    Hepach, R., Vaish, A., Kano, F., Albiach-Serrano, A., Benziad, L., Call, J. & Tomasello, M., 14 Dec 2020, In: Journal of Comparative Psychology. Advance online

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Lightscapes of fear: how mesopredators balance starvation and predation in the open ocean

    Beltran, R. S., Kendall-Bar, J. M., Pirotta, E., Adachi, T., Naito, Y., Takahashi, A., Cremers, J., Robinson, P. W., Crocker, D. E. & Costa, D. P., 17 Mar 2021, In: Science Advances. 7, 12, 9 p., eabd9818.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Quasi-particle interference and quantum confinement in a correlated Rashba spin-split 2D electron liquid

    Yim, C. M., Chakraborti, D., Rhodes, L. C., Khim, S., Mackenzie, A. & Wahl, P., 9 Apr 2021, In: Science Advances.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Bonobos engage in joint commitment

    Heesen, R., Bangerter, A., Zuberbühler, K., Rossano, F., Iglesias, K., Guéry, J-P. & Genty, E., 18 Dec 2020, In: Science Advances. 6, 51, 12 p., eabd1306.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Coherent oscillations of a levitated birefringent microsphere in vacuum driven by nonconservative rotation-translation coupling

    Arita, Y., Simpson, S., Zemanek, P. & Dholakia, K., 3 Jun 2020, In: Science Advances. 6, 23, 8 p., eaaz9858.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 272210774

Top