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Compositional variability of ice-rafted debris in Heinrich layers 1 and 2 on the northwest European continental slope identified by environmental magnetic analyses

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Author(s)

John Walden, Emilie Wadsworth, William E. N. Austin, Clare Peters, James D. Scourse, Ian R. Hall

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Abstract

The composition of ice-rafted debris (IRD) within a sediment core from the European continental slope (core OMEX-2K; 49 degrees 5' N, 13 degrees 26' W) has been examined using environmental magnetic analyses. The data demonstrate compositional variability of the IRD within Heinrich layers 2 (H2) and 1 (H1) and these differences are most readily explained by changes in the contribution of different IRD sources to the core site. Some IRD within the main Heinrich layers show magnetic signatures that are similar to IRD derived from the Laurentide ice sheet found in cores from within the main North Atlantic IRD-belt. In contrast, other IRD-rich layers, both prior to and within the journal of Quaternary Science main Heinrich layers, demonstrate different magnetic behaviour, suggesting a contribution from a non-Laurentide sourced IRD, most likely derived from ice streams discharging from northeast Atlantic ice sheets such as the British and Fennoscandian ice sheets. These data are consistent with published compositional data from the same core and, given the rapid, highly sensitive and non-destructive nature of the method, suggest that environmental magnetic analysis has considerable potential for characterising IRD materials within Heinrich layers for the purposes of defining provenance. Copyright (C) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-172
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Quaternary Science
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

    Research areas

  • DEEP-SEA SEDIMENTS, ATLANTIC-OCEAN, LABRADOR SEA, SHEET VARIABILITY, NE ATLANTIC, GRAIN-SIZE, EVENTS, CLIMATE, OSCILLATIONS, TRANSITION

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