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Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Standard

Conformity and over-imitation : an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning. / Whiten, Andrew.

Advances in the Study of Behavior. Elsevier, 2019. (Advances in the Study of Behavior).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Harvard

Whiten, A 2019, Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning. in Advances in the Study of Behavior. Advances in the Study of Behavior, Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003

APA

Whiten, A. (2019). Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning. In Advances in the Study of Behavior (Advances in the Study of Behavior). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003

Vancouver

Whiten A. Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning. In Advances in the Study of Behavior. Elsevier. 2019. (Advances in the Study of Behavior). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003

Author

Whiten, Andrew. / Conformity and over-imitation : an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning. Advances in the Study of Behavior. Elsevier, 2019. (Advances in the Study of Behavior).

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{4e573f388c9f442f8bbb11284fa495d9,
title = "Conformity and over-imitation: an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning",
abstract = "Variant forms of conformity and over-imitation have become prominent in the research literatures on the transmission of culture, because each displays particularly high levels of reliance on social learning, potentially much strengthening the fidelity and longevity of traditions. Despite this apparent similarity, the literatures on conformity and over-imitation have rarely cross-referenced each other. The objective of the present review is to rectify this theoretical lacuna, considering in depth both what the two processes share and how they differ. Conformity, originally in the literature on social influence and human culture but addressed increasingly in animal studies, has been dissected into a number of forms distinguished in this review, but most commonly has referred to a disposition to copy majority behaviors in an individual’s group or other relevant population. Over-imitation, by contrast, refers to an individual’s disposition to copy visibly causally irrelevant components of action sequences even when performed by a single individual. In this review I compare and contrast these two processes, distinguishing a suite of functional and causal factors to explain their occurrence and adaptive significance. Functions appear to span informational, relationship-building and normative contexts. These analyses form a foundation on which to consider why forms of conformity appear increasingly to be widespread in the animal kingdom, whereas over-imitation appears a disposition universal in human cultures yet minimal or absent in non-human animals tested in similar contexts.",
keywords = "Conformity, Conformist bias, Conformist transmission, Over-imitation, Social learning, Culture, Cultural transmission",
author = "Andrew Whiten",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003",
language = "English",
series = "Advances in the Study of Behavior",
publisher = "Elsevier",
booktitle = "Advances in the Study of Behavior",
address = "Netherlands",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - Conformity and over-imitation

T2 - an integrative review of variant forms of hyper-reliance on social learning

AU - Whiten, Andrew

PY - 2019/1/14

Y1 - 2019/1/14

N2 - Variant forms of conformity and over-imitation have become prominent in the research literatures on the transmission of culture, because each displays particularly high levels of reliance on social learning, potentially much strengthening the fidelity and longevity of traditions. Despite this apparent similarity, the literatures on conformity and over-imitation have rarely cross-referenced each other. The objective of the present review is to rectify this theoretical lacuna, considering in depth both what the two processes share and how they differ. Conformity, originally in the literature on social influence and human culture but addressed increasingly in animal studies, has been dissected into a number of forms distinguished in this review, but most commonly has referred to a disposition to copy majority behaviors in an individual’s group or other relevant population. Over-imitation, by contrast, refers to an individual’s disposition to copy visibly causally irrelevant components of action sequences even when performed by a single individual. In this review I compare and contrast these two processes, distinguishing a suite of functional and causal factors to explain their occurrence and adaptive significance. Functions appear to span informational, relationship-building and normative contexts. These analyses form a foundation on which to consider why forms of conformity appear increasingly to be widespread in the animal kingdom, whereas over-imitation appears a disposition universal in human cultures yet minimal or absent in non-human animals tested in similar contexts.

AB - Variant forms of conformity and over-imitation have become prominent in the research literatures on the transmission of culture, because each displays particularly high levels of reliance on social learning, potentially much strengthening the fidelity and longevity of traditions. Despite this apparent similarity, the literatures on conformity and over-imitation have rarely cross-referenced each other. The objective of the present review is to rectify this theoretical lacuna, considering in depth both what the two processes share and how they differ. Conformity, originally in the literature on social influence and human culture but addressed increasingly in animal studies, has been dissected into a number of forms distinguished in this review, but most commonly has referred to a disposition to copy majority behaviors in an individual’s group or other relevant population. Over-imitation, by contrast, refers to an individual’s disposition to copy visibly causally irrelevant components of action sequences even when performed by a single individual. In this review I compare and contrast these two processes, distinguishing a suite of functional and causal factors to explain their occurrence and adaptive significance. Functions appear to span informational, relationship-building and normative contexts. These analyses form a foundation on which to consider why forms of conformity appear increasingly to be widespread in the animal kingdom, whereas over-imitation appears a disposition universal in human cultures yet minimal or absent in non-human animals tested in similar contexts.

KW - Conformity

KW - Conformist bias

KW - Conformist transmission

KW - Over-imitation

KW - Social learning

KW - Culture

KW - Cultural transmission

U2 - 10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003

DO - 10.1016/bs.asb.2018.12.003

M3 - Chapter

T3 - Advances in the Study of Behavior

BT - Advances in the Study of Behavior

PB - Elsevier

ER -

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ID: 256820898

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