Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Consequences and risk factors of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET)

Research output: Other contribution

Open Access permissions



Fiona McLean Cox, Zhiqiang Feng, Dawn Everington, Kevin Ralston, Christopher John Lloyd Dibben, Gillian Mary Raab


The proportion of 16-19 year olds who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) is a key measure which feeds into the Scottish Government’s ‘Opportunities for All’ policy. The research project sought to explore the phenomena of NEETs, and to understand both the causes and the consequences of being NEET. The Scottish Longitudinal Study was used, looking at individuals aged 16-19 years at each census point between 1991 and 2011. The results showed a ‘scarring effect’ of having been NEET in terms of health and socioeconomic outcomes. This effect persisted even for those NEET individuals who later engaged in employment and education. Various individual, family, education and area-level factors were found to predict becoming NEET. The findings have been used to inform various Scottish Government briefings, policies, measures and work with Local Authorities.


Original languageEnglish
TypeImpact Case Study
Media of outputPDF via website
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2017

Publication series

NameImpact Case Studies
PublisherCALLS Hub

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

ID: 250429706