Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Conservation research output in sub-Saharan Africa is increasing, but only in a few countries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We tested if peer-reviewed conservation research output has increased in sub-Saharan African countries over the last 30 years in response to increased development. We carried out a bibliometric analysis to identify the number of conservation research papers published by national authors of 41 sub-Saharan African countries during 1987–2017, to provide an index of national conservation research output. We identified country-specific development factors influencing these totals, using general linear modelling. There were positive relationships between conservation research output and population size, GDP, literacy rate, international tourism receipts and population growth rate, and negative relationships with urban population and agricultural land cover, in total explaining 77% of variation. Thirty-eight per cent of countries contributed < 30 conservation research papers (of 12,701) in 30 years. Analysis of trends in primary authorship in a random subsample of 2,374 of these papers showed that primary authorship by sub-Saharan African authors has increased significantly over time but is now at a lower rate than primary authorship for authors from countries outside the country associated with the search term, usually a European or North American country. Overall, 46% of papers had national primary authors, but 67% of these were South African. The results show that conservation research output in sub-Saharan Africa overall is increasing but only significantly in a few countries, and is still dominated by non-national scientists, probably as a result of a lack of socio-economic development.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalOryx
Volume54
Issue numberFirstView
Early online date2 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Dec 2020

    Research areas

  • Conservation biology, Capacity building, Development, Research trends, Papers, Publications, Research capacity, Sub-Saharan African

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Assessment of pest control services by vertebrates in Nigerian subsistence maize farms

    Tela, M., Cresswell, W. & Chapman, H., 29 Jun 2021, (Accepted/In press) In: Conservation and Society.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Female song in the Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca

    Patchett, R., Kirschel, A. N. G., Robins King, J., Styles, P. & Cresswell, W., 27 May 2021, In: Journal of Ornithology. First Online, 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Training future generations to deliver evidence-based conservation and ecosystem management

    Downey, H., Amano, T., Cadotte, M., Cook, C. N., Cooke, S. J., Haddaway, N. R., Jones, J. P. G., Littlewood, N., Walsh, J. C., Abrahams, M. I., Adum, G., Akasaka, M., Alves, J. A., Antwis, R. E., Arellano, E. C., Axmacher, J., Barclay, H., Batty, L., Benítez-López, A., Bennett, J. R. & 98 others, Berg, M. J., Bertolino, S., Biggs, D., Bolam, F. C., Bray, T., Brook, B. W., Bull, J. W., Burivalova, Z., Cabeza, M., Chauvenet, A. L. M., Christie, A. P., Cole, L., Cotton, A. J., Cotton, S., Cousins, S. A. O., Craven, D., Cresswell, W., Cusack, J. J., Dalrymple, S. E., Davies, Z. G., Diaz, A., Dodd, J. A., Felton, A., Fleishman, E., Gardner, C. J., Garside, R., Ghoddousi, A., Gilroy, J. J., Gill, D. A., Gill, J. A., Glew, L., Grainger, M. J., Grass, A. A., Greshon, S., Gundry, J., Hart, T., Hopkins, C. R., Howe, C., Johnson, A., Jones, K. W., Jordan, N. R., Kadoya, T., Kerhoas, D., Koricheva, J., Lee, T. M., Lengyel, S., Livingstone, S. W., Lyons, A., McCabe, G., Millett, J., Strevens, C. M., Moolna, A., Mossman, H. L., Mukherjee, N., Muñoz-Sáez, A., Negrões, N., Norfolk, O., Osawa, T., Papworth, S., Park, K. J., Pellet, J., Phillott, A. D., Plotnik, J. M., Priatna, D., Ramos, A. G., Randall, N., Richards, R. M., Ritchie, E. G., Roberts, D. L., Rocha, R., Rodríguez, J. P., Sanderson, R., Sasaki, T., Savilaakso, S., Sayer, C., Sekercioglu, C., Senzaki, M., Smith, G., Smith, R. J., Soga, M., Soulsbury, C. D., Steer, M. D., Stewart, G., Strange, E. F., Suggitt, A. J., Thompson, R. R. J., Thompson, S., Thornhill, I., Trevelyan, R. J., Usieta, H. O., Venter, O., Webber, A. D., White, R. L., Whittingham, M. J., Wilby, A., Yarnell, R. W., Zamora, V. & Sutherland, W. J., 25 Jan 2021, In: Ecological Solutions and Evidence. 2, 1, 11 p., e12032.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Duet codes do not enhance neighbour recognition in two closely related species of duetting neotropical wrens

    Quiros Guerrero, E., Rivera-Cáceres, K., Janeiro Silva, M. J., Cresswell, W. & Templeton, C. N., Jan 2021, In: Journal of Avian Biology. 52, 1, 12 p., 02615.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Movements of Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca fledglings: evidence of a post-fledging home range away from the natal site prior to first migration

    Styles, P., Patchett, R. B., Robins King, J. & Cresswell, W., 25 Nov 2020, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Journal of Ornithology. First Online, 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Using distance sampling with camera traps to estimate the density of group-living and solitary mountain ungulates

    Pal, R., Bhattacharya, T., Qureshi, Q., Buckland, S. T. & Sathyakumar, S., 30 Apr 2021, (E-pub ahead of print) In: Oryx. FirstView, 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Ivory poachers and poison: drivers of Africa's declining vulture populations

    Ogada, D., Botha, A. & Shaw, P., 7 Dec 2015, In: Oryx. FirstView, 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Factors affecting the distribution and abundance of the Endangered volcano rabbit Romerolagus diazi on the Iztaccihuatl volcano

    Hunter, M. & Cresswell, W., Apr 2015, In: Oryx. 49, 2, p. 366-375

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Estimating population sizes of lions Panthera leo and spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta in Uganda’s savannah parks, using lure count methods

    Omoya, E. O., Mudumba, T., Buckland, S. T., Mulondo, P. & Plumptre, A. J., Jul 2014, In: Oryx. 48, p. 394-401 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 265942443

Top