Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Context-specific use suggests that bottlenose dolphin signature whistles are cohesion calls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies on captive bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops trumcatus, have shown that each individual produces a stereotyped, individually specific signature whistle; however, no study has demonstrated clear context-dependent usage of these whistles. Thus, the hypothesis that signature whistles are used to maintain group cohesion remains untested. To investigate whether signature whistles are used only in contexts that would require a mechanism to maintain group cohesion, we examined whistle type usage in a group of four captive bottlenose dolphins in two contexts. Individuals were recorded while they were separate from the group and while they all swam in the same pool. Separations occurred spontaneously when one animal swam into another pool. No partitions were used and no aggressive interactions between dolphins preceded separations. Calling animals were identified by an amplitude comparison of the same sound recorded in the two pools. Each dolphin primarily produced one stereotyped signature whistle when it was separated from the group. Similarly the remaining group in the other pool also used primarily their signature whistles if one animal was in a separate pool. If all animals swam in the same pool almost only nonsignature whistles were used. Signature whistle copying was rare and did not initiate reunions pr specific vocal responses. The results strongly support the hypothesis that signature whistles are used to maintain group cohesion. (C) 1998 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-838
Number of pages10
JournalAnimal Behaviour
Volume56
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998

    Research areas

  • TURSIOPS-TRUNCATUS, NOSED DOLPHINS, VOCAL RECOGNITION, VERVET MONKEYS, REPERTOIRES, MIMICRY

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Vocal learning in animals and humans

    Vernes, S., Janik, V. M., Fitch, W. T. S. & Slater, P. J. B., 25 Oct 2021, In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. B, Biological Sciences. 376, 1836, 6 p., 20200234.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Vocal learning

    Slater, P. J. B. & Janik, V. M., 2010, Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. Breed, M. & Moore, J. (eds.). Elsevier, p. 551-557 7 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  3. Call usage learning in gray seals (Halichoerus grypus)

    Shapiro, AD., Slater, P. J. B. & Janik, V., Dec 2004, In: Journal of Comparative Psychology. 118, 4, p. 447-454 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. The evolution of conformity enforcing behaviour in cultural communication systems

    Lachlan, R., Janik, V. & Slater, P. J. B., Sep 2004, In: Animal Behaviour. 68, p. 561-570 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. A gray seal's (Halichoerus grypus) responses to experimenter-given pointing and directional cues

    Shapiro, AD., Janik, V. & Slater, P. J. B., Dec 2003, In: Journal of Comparative Psychology. 117, p. 355-362 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Animal Behaviour (Journal)

    Manon Karin Schweinfurth (Member of editorial board)

    1 Jan 2021 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  2. Animal Behaviour (Journal)

    Susan Denise Healy (Editor)

    1 Jan 201831 Dec 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  3. Animal Behaviour (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)

    15 Sep 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. Animal Behaviour (Journal)

    Susan Denise Healy (Editor)

    1 Jan 201731 Dec 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  5. Animal Behaviour (Journal)

    Michael Munro Webster (Editor)

    1 Jan 201731 Dec 2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. Chimpanzees combine pant hoots with food calls into larger structures

    Leroux, M., Bosshard, A. B., Chandia, B., Manser, A., Zuberbühler, K. & Townsend, S. W., Sep 2021, In: Animal Behaviour. 179, p. 41-50 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Habitat-dependent intergroup hostility in Diana monkeys, Cercopithecus diana

    Decellieres, M., Zuberbühler, K. & León, J., Aug 2021, In: Animal Behaviour. 178, p. 95-104 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

  3. Bonobos and chimpanzees preferentially attend to familiar members of the dominant sex

    Lewis, L. S., Kano, F., Stevens, J. M. G., DuBois, J. G., Call, J. & Krupenye, C., Jul 2021, In: Animal Behaviour. 177, p. 193-206

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Erratum to “Bonobos and chimpanzees preferentially attend to familiar members of the dominant sex” [Animal Behaviour 177 (2021) 193–206] (Animal Behaviour (2021) 177 (193–206), (S000334722100138X), (10.1016/j.anbehav.2021.04.027))

    Lewis, L. S., Kano, F., Stevens, J. M. G., DuBois, J. G., Call, J. & Krupenye, C., Jul 2021, In: Animal Behaviour. 177, p. 303 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

  5. Animal personality adds complexity to the processes of divergence between sympatric morphs of Arctic charr

    Horta-Lacueva, Q. J-B., Benhaïm, D., Morrissey, M. B., Snorrason, S. S. & Kapralova, K. H., May 2021, In: Animal Behaviour. 175, p. 57-73 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 130849

Top