Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Contrasting changes in the abundance and diversity of North American bird assemblages from 1971 to 2010

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Aafke M. Schipper, Jonathan Belmaker, Murilo Dantas de Miranda, Laetitia M. Navarro, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Mark J. Costello, Maria Dornelas, Ruud Foppen, Joaquín Hortal, Mark A.J. Huijbregts, Berta Martín-López, Nathalie Pettorelli, Cibele Queiroz, Axel G. Rossberg, Luca Santini, Katja Schiffers, Zoran J.N. Steinmann, Piero Visconti, Carlo Rondinini, Henrique M. Pereira

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Although it is generally recognized that global biodiversity is declining, few studies have examined long-term changes in multiple biodiversity dimensions simultaneously. In this study we quantified and compared temporal changes in the abundance, taxonomic diversity, functional diversity and phylogenetic diversity of bird assemblages, using roadside monitoring data of the North American Breeding Bird Survey from 1971 to 2010. We calculated 12 abundance and diversity metrics based on five year average abundances of 519 species for each of 768 monitoring routes. We did this for all bird species together as well as for four sub-groups based on breeding habitat affinity (grassland, woodland, wetland and shrubland breeders). The majority of the biodiversity metrics increased or remained constant over the study period, whereas the overall abundance of birds showed a pronounced decrease, primarily driven by declines of the most abundant species. These results highlight how stable or even increasing metrics of taxonomic, functional or phylogenetic diversity may occur in parallel with substantial losses of individuals. We further found that patterns of change differed among the species sub-groups, with both abundance and diversity increasing for woodland birds and decreasing for grassland breeders. The contrasting changes between abundance and diversity and among the breeding habitat groups underscore the relevance of a multi-faceted approach to measuring biodiversity change. Our findings further stress the importance of monitoring the overall abundance of individuals in addition to metrics of taxonomic, functional or phylogenetic diversity, thus confirming the importance of population abundance as an essential biodiversity variable.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3948-3959
Number of pages12
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume22
Issue number12
Early online date12 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

    Research areas

  • Biodiversity change, Biodiversity metrics, Functional diversity (FD), Phylogenetic diversity (PD), Taxonomic diversity (TD), Species abundance

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Clustered versus catastrophic global vertebrate declines

    Leung, B., Hargreaves, A. L., Greenberg, D. A., McGill, B., Dornelas, M. & Freeman, R., 10 Dec 2020, In: Nature. 588, 7837, p. 267-271 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Novel communities are a risky business

    Dornelas, M. & Madin, J. S., 9 Oct 2020, In: Science (New York, N.Y.). 370, 6513, p. 164-165 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

  3. A geometric basis for surface habitat complexity and biodiversity

    Torres-Pulliza, D., Dornelas, M. A., Pizarro, O., Bewley, M., Blowes, S. A., Boutros, N., Brambilla, V., Chase, T. J., Frank, G., Friedman, A., Hoogenboom, M. O., Williams, S., Zawada, K. J. A. & Madin, J. S., 24 Aug 2020, In: Nature Ecology and Evolution.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Recent increases in assemblage rarity are linked to increasing local immigration

    Jones, F. A. M., Dornelas, M. & Magurran, A., 29 Jul 2020, In: Royal Society Open Science. 7, 7, 9 p., 192045.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Landscape-scale forest loss as a catalyst of population and biodiversity change

    Daskalova, G. N., Myers-Smith, I. H., Bjorkman, A. D., Blowes, S. A., Supp, S. R., Magurran, A. E. & Dornelas, M., 19 Jun 2020, In: Science. 368, 6497, p. 1341-1347

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Global Change Biology (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)

    6 Dec 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Global Change Biology (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)

    23 Feb 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

Related by journal

  1. Climate-driven shift in coral morphological structure predicts decline of juvenile reef fishes

    Fontoura, L., Zawada, K. J. A., D’agata, S., Álvarez-Noriega, M., Baird, A. H., Boutros, N., Dornelas, M., Luiz, O. J., Madin, J. S., Maina, J. M., Pizarro, O., Torres-Pulliza, D., Woods, R. M. & Madin, E. M. P., 14 Dec 2019, In: Global Change Biology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Northward range expansion in spring-staging barnacle geese is a response to climate change and population growth, mediated by individual experience

    Tombre, I. M., Oudman, T., Shimmings, P., Griffin, L. & Prop, J., 2 Sep 2019, In: Global Change Biology. Early View, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Towards the integration of animal-borne instruments into global ocean observing systems

    March, D., Boehme, L., Tintoré, J., Vélez-Belchi, P. J. & Godley, B. J., 27 Nov 2019, In: Global Change Biology. Early View, p. 1-11 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Diverse effects of invasive ecosystem engineers on marine biodiversity and ecosystem functions: a global review and meta-analysis

    Guy-Haim, T., Lyons, D. A., Kotta, J., Ojaveer, H., Queirós, A. M., Chatzinikolaou, E., Arvanitidis, C., Como, S., Magni, P., Blight, A. J., Orav-Kotta, H., Somerfield, P. J., Crowe, T. P. & Rilov, G., Mar 2018, In: Global Change Biology. 24, 3, p. 906-924

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Reproductive performance and diving behaviour share a common sea-ice concentration optimum in Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae)

    Le Guen, C., Kato, A., Raymond, B., Barbraud, C., Beaulieu, M., Bost, C-A., Delord, K., MacIntosh, A. J. J., Meyer, X., Raclot, T., Sumner, M., Takahashi, A., Thiebot, J-B. & Ropert-Coudert, Y., 29 Jun 2018, In: Global Change Biology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 241920214

Top