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Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

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Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings : What do the historical data show? / Filadelfo, Ronald; Mintz, Jonathon; Michlovich, Edward; D'Amico, Angela; Tyack, Peter L.; Ketten, Darlene R.

In: Aquatic Mammals, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.12.2009, p. 435-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Filadelfo, R, Mintz, J, Michlovich, E, D'Amico, A, Tyack, PL & Ketten, DR 2009, 'Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show?', Aquatic Mammals, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 435-444. https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435

APA

Filadelfo, R., Mintz, J., Michlovich, E., D'Amico, A., Tyack, P. L., & Ketten, D. R. (2009). Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show? Aquatic Mammals, 35(4), 435-444. https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435

Vancouver

Filadelfo R, Mintz J, Michlovich E, D'Amico A, Tyack PL, Ketten DR. Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show? Aquatic Mammals. 2009 Dec 1;35(4):435-444. https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435

Author

Filadelfo, Ronald ; Mintz, Jonathon ; Michlovich, Edward ; D'Amico, Angela ; Tyack, Peter L. ; Ketten, Darlene R. / Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings : What do the historical data show?. In: Aquatic Mammals. 2009 ; Vol. 35, No. 4. pp. 435-444.

Bibtex - Download

@article{0200badeae2a42349d56bbff4faf6505,
title = "Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings: What do the historical data show?",
abstract = "There have been several incidents in which U.S. Navy sonar operations at sea coincided in time and location with a mass stranding of marine mammals, particularly beaked whales. Although a conclusive cause-and-effect relationship has not been established, there is strong evidence and scientific concern that use of military sonar has resulted in beaked whale mass strandings. Most previous attempts to determine whether military sonar use and whale strandings are correlated have looked at mass stranding records of beaked whales and have singled out those instances in which military operations appear to coincide in time and location with a mass stranding event. In this study, historical data on beaked whale mass strandings and military exercises that were likely to include active sonar use were compiled, and statistical analyses were performed to determine the level of correlation between these events for four geographic regions. Strandings were significantly correlated with naval activity in the Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas, but not off the coasts of Japan and southern California.",
keywords = "Balaenoptera, Beaked whales, Bootstrap reiterative estimation, Correlation analysis, Mass strandings, Mesoplodon, Military sonar, Stenella, Ziphiidae, Ziphius",
author = "Ronald Filadelfo and Jonathon Mintz and Edward Michlovich and Angela D'Amico and Tyack, {Peter L.} and Ketten, {Darlene R.}",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "435--444",
journal = "Aquatic Mammals",
issn = "0167-5427",
publisher = "European Association for Aquatic Mammals",
number = "4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlating military sonar use with beaked whale mass strandings

T2 - What do the historical data show?

AU - Filadelfo, Ronald

AU - Mintz, Jonathon

AU - Michlovich, Edward

AU - D'Amico, Angela

AU - Tyack, Peter L.

AU - Ketten, Darlene R.

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - There have been several incidents in which U.S. Navy sonar operations at sea coincided in time and location with a mass stranding of marine mammals, particularly beaked whales. Although a conclusive cause-and-effect relationship has not been established, there is strong evidence and scientific concern that use of military sonar has resulted in beaked whale mass strandings. Most previous attempts to determine whether military sonar use and whale strandings are correlated have looked at mass stranding records of beaked whales and have singled out those instances in which military operations appear to coincide in time and location with a mass stranding event. In this study, historical data on beaked whale mass strandings and military exercises that were likely to include active sonar use were compiled, and statistical analyses were performed to determine the level of correlation between these events for four geographic regions. Strandings were significantly correlated with naval activity in the Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas, but not off the coasts of Japan and southern California.

AB - There have been several incidents in which U.S. Navy sonar operations at sea coincided in time and location with a mass stranding of marine mammals, particularly beaked whales. Although a conclusive cause-and-effect relationship has not been established, there is strong evidence and scientific concern that use of military sonar has resulted in beaked whale mass strandings. Most previous attempts to determine whether military sonar use and whale strandings are correlated have looked at mass stranding records of beaked whales and have singled out those instances in which military operations appear to coincide in time and location with a mass stranding event. In this study, historical data on beaked whale mass strandings and military exercises that were likely to include active sonar use were compiled, and statistical analyses were performed to determine the level of correlation between these events for four geographic regions. Strandings were significantly correlated with naval activity in the Mediterranean and Caribbean Seas, but not off the coasts of Japan and southern California.

KW - Balaenoptera

KW - Beaked whales

KW - Bootstrap reiterative estimation

KW - Correlation analysis

KW - Mass strandings

KW - Mesoplodon

KW - Military sonar

KW - Stenella

KW - Ziphiidae

KW - Ziphius

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951742834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435

DO - 10.1578/AM.35.4.2009.435

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 435

EP - 444

JO - Aquatic Mammals

JF - Aquatic Mammals

SN - 0167-5427

IS - 4

ER -

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