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Cultural transmission of tool-use in young children:  A diffusion chain study

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Author(s)

Emma Flynn, Andrew Whiten

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Developmental and gender effects in the transmission of information about a tool-use task were investigated within a 'diffusion chain' design. One hundred and twenty-seven children (65 three-year-olds and 62 five-year-olds) participated. Eighty children took part in diffusion chains in which consecutive children in chains of five witnessed two attempts on a tool-use task by the previous child in the chain. Comparisons were made between two experimental conditions in which alternative techniques were seeded and a third no-model control condition. Children in the diffusion chains conformed to the technique they witnessed, in one experimental condition faithfully transmitting a technique absent in the no-model condition. Five-year-olds displayed more robust transmission than three-year-olds, and boys were both more competent and displayed stronger transmission than girls.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-718
Number of pages20
JournalSocial Development
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

    Research areas

  • culture, observational learning, tool use, transmission, CHIMPANZEES PAN-TROGLODYTES, HOMO-SAPIENS, SEX-DIFFERENCES, COPYING ACTIONS, IMITATION, BEHAVIOR, EMULATION, INFANTS, REENACTMENT, INTENTIONS

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