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Dealkanative main group couplings across the peri-gap

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Abstract

Here, we highlight the ability of peri-substitution chemistry to promote a series of unique P–P/P–As coupling reactions, which proceed with concomitant C–H bond formation. This dealkanative reactivity represents an interesting and unexpected expansion to the established family of main-group dehydrocoupling reactions. These transformations are exceptionally clean, proceeding essentially quantitatively at relatively low temperatures (70–140 °C), with 100% diastereoselectivity in the products. The reaction appears to be radical in nature, with the addition of small quantities of a radical initiator (azobisisobutyronitrile) increasing the rate dramatically, as well as altering the apparent order of reaction. DFT calculations suggest that the reaction involves dissociation of a phosphorus centred radical (stabilised by the peri-backbone) to the P–P coupled product and a free propyl radical, which carries the chain. This unusual reaction demonstrates the powerful effect that geometric constraints, in this case a rigid scaffold, can have on the reactivity of main group species; an area of research that is gaining increasing prominence in recent years.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18545-18551
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume139
Issue number51
Early online date30 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Dec 2017

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