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Development of an in situ perfused kidney preparation for elasmobranch fish: action of arginine vasotocin

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Author(s)

A Wells, WG Anderson, Neil Hazon

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Acclimation of the European lesser-spotted dogfish Scyliorhinus canicula to reduced environmental salinity [85-70% seawater (SW)] induced a significant diuresis in addition to a significant decrease in plasma osmolality in vivo. The threshold for this diuresis was determined to be 85% SW. Therefore, S. canicula acclimated to 85% SW was selected for further study as a diuretic model in the development of an in situ perfused kidney preparation. The renal role of arginine vasotocin (AVT) in the in situ perfused trunk preparation was investigated. In SW, perfusion of 10(-9) and 10(-10) M AVT resulted in a glomerular antidiuresis and decreases in tubular transport maxima for glucose and perfusate flow. In 85% SW, 10(-10) M AVT had no significant effect on these renal parameters with the exception of transport maxima for glucose and perfusate flow. Tubular parameters remained unchanged by either 10(-9) or 10(-10) M AVT. The results demonstrate that the perfused kidney preparation was a viable tool for the investigation of renal parameters in elasmobranch fish and that AVT induced a glomerular antidiuresis.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R1636-R1642
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume282
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2002

    Research areas

  • antidiuresis, seawater, Scyliorhinus canicula, dogfish, neurohypophysial, hormones, LESSER SPOTTED DOGFISH, SCYLIORHINUS-CANICULA, NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL HORMONES, CARTILAGINOUS FISHES, ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS, SECRETORY DYNAMICS, EVOLUTION, SODIUM, TROUT, UREA

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