Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Roselie V. Caruso, Brian V. Fix, James F. Thrasher, Michael K. Cummings, Geoffrey T. Fong, W. E. Stephens, Richard J. O'Connor

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Objectives: We examined physical cigarette design characteristics and tobacco metal content of cigarettes obtained from 5 countries to determine how these properties vary for cigarette brands, both within and across countries with different dominant manufacturers.
Methods: Cigarette packs were collected from International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey (ITC) participants in the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), Mauritius, Mexico, and Thailand. Cigarettes were assessed for physical and design properties (eg, ventilation, pressure drop, rod density, weight) by published methods, and for metal content (As, Cd, Ni, Pb) by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.
Results: Statistically significant differences in cigarette design and toxic metal concentrations were observed among countries and among manufacturers within countries. Filter ventilation, which is strongly predictive of machine-measured tar and nicotine levels, varied most widely across countries. Ni and Cd were highest in Thailand (2.23ug/g and 1.64ug/g, respectively); As was highest in Mexico (0.29ug/g) and Pb was highest in the UK. (0.43 ug/g).
Conclusions: Parties to the FCTC should consider the adoption of uniform product standards related to cigarette design, emissions, and tobacco content that would reduce population health risks.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-175
JournalTobacco Regulatory Science
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

    Research areas

  • Cigarette design, Metals, Policy

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. The molybdenum isotopic compositions of I-, S- and A- type granitic suites

    Yang, J., Barling, J., Siebert, C., Fietzke, J., Stephens, E. & Halliday, A. N., 15 May 2017, In : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 205, p. 168-186 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Toxic metal and nicotine content of cigarettes sold in China, 2009 and 2012

    O'Connor, R. J., Schneller, L. M., Caruso, R. V., Stephens, W. E., Li, Q., Yuan, J. & Fong, G. T., 1 Nov 2015, In : Tobacco Control. 24, p. iv55-iv59

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Design characteristics and tobacco metal concentrations in filtered cigars

    Caruso, R. V., O'Connor, R. J., Travers, M. J., Delnevo, C. D. & Stephens, W. E., Nov 2015, In : Nicotine & Tobacco Research . 17, 11, p. 1331-1336

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Assessing change in tobacco visibility at point-of-sale following a display ban

    Eadie, D., Best, C. S., Stead, M., MacKintosh, A. M., Critchlow, N., Purves, R., Pearce, J. R., Currie, D. B., Ozakinci, G., Amos, A., MacGregor, A. S. & Haw, S., May 2018, In : Tobacco Regulatory Science. 4, 3, p. 10-28 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 251200595