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Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

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Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries : rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project. / Caruso, Roselie V.; Fix, Brian V.; Thrasher, James F.; Cummings, Michael K.; Fong, Geoffrey T.; Stephens, W. E.; O'Connor, Richard J.

In: Tobacco Regulatory Science, Vol. 2, No. 2, 01.04.2016, p. 166-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Caruso, RV, Fix, BV, Thrasher, JF, Cummings, MK, Fong, GT, Stephens, WE & O'Connor, RJ 2016, 'Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project', Tobacco Regulatory Science, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 166-175. https://doi.org/10.18001/TRS.2.2.7

APA

Caruso, R. V., Fix, B. V., Thrasher, J. F., Cummings, M. K., Fong, G. T., Stephens, W. E., & O'Connor, R. J. (2016). Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 2(2), 166-175. https://doi.org/10.18001/TRS.2.2.7

Vancouver

Caruso RV, Fix BV, Thrasher JF, Cummings MK, Fong GT, Stephens WE et al. Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project. Tobacco Regulatory Science. 2016 Apr 1;2(2):166-175. https://doi.org/10.18001/TRS.2.2.7

Author

Caruso, Roselie V. ; Fix, Brian V. ; Thrasher, James F. ; Cummings, Michael K. ; Fong, Geoffrey T. ; Stephens, W. E. ; O'Connor, Richard J. / Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries : rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project. In: Tobacco Regulatory Science. 2016 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 166-175.

Bibtex - Download

@article{2b2df26864ff47ccbf3226953d37dfd2,
title = "Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries: rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project",
abstract = "Objectives: We examined physical cigarette design characteristics and tobacco metal content of cigarettes obtained from 5 countries to determine how these properties vary for cigarette brands, both within and across countries with different dominant manufacturers.Methods: Cigarette packs were collected from International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey (ITC) participants in the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), Mauritius, Mexico, and Thailand. Cigarettes were assessed for physical and design properties (eg, ventilation, pressure drop, rod density, weight) by published methods, and for metal content (As, Cd, Ni, Pb) by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.Results: Statistically significant differences in cigarette design and toxic metal concentrations were observed among countries and among manufacturers within countries. Filter ventilation, which is strongly predictive of machine-measured tar and nicotine levels, varied most widely across countries. Ni and Cd were highest in Thailand (2.23ug/g and 1.64ug/g, respectively); As was highest in Mexico (0.29ug/g) and Pb was highest in the UK. (0.43 ug/g).Conclusions: Parties to the FCTC should consider the adoption of uniform product standards related to cigarette design, emissions, and tobacco content that would reduce population health risks. ",
keywords = "Cigarette design, Metals, Policy",
author = "Caruso, {Roselie V.} and Fix, {Brian V.} and Thrasher, {James F.} and Cummings, {Michael K.} and Fong, {Geoffrey T.} and Stephens, {W. E.} and O'Connor, {Richard J.}",
year = "2016",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.18001/TRS.2.2.7",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "166--175",
journal = "Tobacco Regulatory Science",
issn = "2333-9748",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in cigarette design and metal content across five countries

T2 - rsounesults from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Project

AU - Caruso, Roselie V.

AU - Fix, Brian V.

AU - Thrasher, James F.

AU - Cummings, Michael K.

AU - Fong, Geoffrey T.

AU - Stephens, W. E.

AU - O'Connor, Richard J.

PY - 2016/4/1

Y1 - 2016/4/1

N2 - Objectives: We examined physical cigarette design characteristics and tobacco metal content of cigarettes obtained from 5 countries to determine how these properties vary for cigarette brands, both within and across countries with different dominant manufacturers.Methods: Cigarette packs were collected from International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey (ITC) participants in the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), Mauritius, Mexico, and Thailand. Cigarettes were assessed for physical and design properties (eg, ventilation, pressure drop, rod density, weight) by published methods, and for metal content (As, Cd, Ni, Pb) by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.Results: Statistically significant differences in cigarette design and toxic metal concentrations were observed among countries and among manufacturers within countries. Filter ventilation, which is strongly predictive of machine-measured tar and nicotine levels, varied most widely across countries. Ni and Cd were highest in Thailand (2.23ug/g and 1.64ug/g, respectively); As was highest in Mexico (0.29ug/g) and Pb was highest in the UK. (0.43 ug/g).Conclusions: Parties to the FCTC should consider the adoption of uniform product standards related to cigarette design, emissions, and tobacco content that would reduce population health risks.

AB - Objectives: We examined physical cigarette design characteristics and tobacco metal content of cigarettes obtained from 5 countries to determine how these properties vary for cigarette brands, both within and across countries with different dominant manufacturers.Methods: Cigarette packs were collected from International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Survey (ITC) participants in the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), Mauritius, Mexico, and Thailand. Cigarettes were assessed for physical and design properties (eg, ventilation, pressure drop, rod density, weight) by published methods, and for metal content (As, Cd, Ni, Pb) by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry.Results: Statistically significant differences in cigarette design and toxic metal concentrations were observed among countries and among manufacturers within countries. Filter ventilation, which is strongly predictive of machine-measured tar and nicotine levels, varied most widely across countries. Ni and Cd were highest in Thailand (2.23ug/g and 1.64ug/g, respectively); As was highest in Mexico (0.29ug/g) and Pb was highest in the UK. (0.43 ug/g).Conclusions: Parties to the FCTC should consider the adoption of uniform product standards related to cigarette design, emissions, and tobacco content that would reduce population health risks.

KW - Cigarette design

KW - Metals

KW - Policy

U2 - 10.18001/TRS.2.2.7

DO - 10.18001/TRS.2.2.7

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 166

EP - 175

JO - Tobacco Regulatory Science

JF - Tobacco Regulatory Science

SN - 2333-9748

IS - 2

ER -

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