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Direct synthesis of methane from CO2/H2O in an oxygen-ion conducting solid oxide electrolyser

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Author(s)

Kui Xie, Yaoqing Zhang, Guoyang Meng, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

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Abstract

Synthetic fuels produced from CO2/H2O are an attractive alternative energy carrier. Here we demonstrate a novel strategy to electrochemically convert CO2/H2O into hydrocarbon in a single step in an oxygen-ion conducting solid oxide electrolyser. Methane was directly synthesized in an efficient electrolyser with configuration of (anode) (La0.8Sr0.2)0.95MnO3−δ/YSZ/La0.2Sr0.8TiO3+δ (cathode) by combining coelectrolysis of CO2/H2O and in situ Fischer–Tropsch-type synthesis. We demonstrate a high Faradaic yield of CO/H2 and lower methane yield, which shows that the limit on conversion efficiency comes from the heterogeneous catalysis process. Electrochemical results also show that the electrochemical reduction of La0.2Sr0.8TiO3+δ cathode is the main process at low electrical voltages while the coelectrolysis is the main process at high voltages.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2218-2222
Number of pages5
JournalEnergy & Environmental Science
Volume4
Issue number6
Early online date28 Apr 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

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