Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Distance- rather than location-based temporal judgements are more accurate during episodic recall in a real-world task

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Open Access Status

  • Embargoed (until 25/06/21)

Author(s)

Maneesh Varghese Kuruvilla, Akira R. O'Connor, James A. Ainge

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Definitions of episodic memory typically emphasise the importance of spatiotemporal frameworks in the contextual reconstruction of episodic retrieval. However, our ability to retrieve specific temporal contexts of experienced episodes is poor. This has bearing on the prominence of temporal context in the definition and evaluation of episodic memory, particularly among non-human animals. Studies demonstrating that rats rely on elapsed time (distance) rather than specific timestamps (location) to disambiguate events have been used to suggest that human episodic memory is qualitatively different to other species. We examined whether humans were more accurate using a distance- or location-based method for judging when an event happened. Participants (n = 57) were exposed to a series of events and then asked either when (e.g., 1:03 pm) or how long ago (HLA; e.g., 33 min) a specific event took place. HLA judgements were significantly more accurate, particularly for the most recently experienced episode. Additionally, a significantly higher proportion of participants making HLA judgements accurately recalled non-temporal episodic features across all episodes. Finally, for participants given the choice of methods for making temporal judgements, a significantly higher proportion chose to use HLA judgements. These findings suggest that human and non-human temporal judgements are not qualitatively different.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalMemory
VolumeLatest Articles
Early online date25 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2020

    Research areas

  • Human episodic memory, Episodic-like memory, Passive encoding, Temporal estimation, Mental time travel

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. The discrimination ratio derived from novel object recognition tasks as a measure of recognition memory sensitivity, not bias

    Sivakumaran, M. H., MacKenzie, A. K., Callan, I. R., Ainge, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R., 1 Aug 2018, In: Scientific Reports. 8, 11579.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Disambiguating past events: accurate source memory for time and context depends on different retrieval processes

    Persson, B. M., Ainge, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R., Jul 2016, In: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. 132, p. 40-48 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Lateral entorhinal cortex lesions impair both egocentric and allocentric object-place associations

    Kuruvilla, M. V., Wilson, D. I. G. & Ainge, J. A., 14 Jul 2020, In: Brain and Neuroscience Advances. 4, p. 1-11 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Converging on an understanding of the déjà vu experience

    Aitken, C. B. & O'Connor, A. R., 12 May 2020, Memory quirks: The study of odd phenomena in memory. Cleary, A. M. & Schwartz, B. L. (eds.). Routledge, p. 288-305 18 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

  5. Material culture, museums, and memory: experiments in visitor recall and memory

    Sweetman, R., Hadfield, A. & O'Connor, A., 17 Mar 2020, In: Visitor Studies. p. 1-28 28 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Memory (Journal)

    Akira Robert O'Connor (Member of editorial board)

    Nov 2017 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. The the the the induction of jamais vu in the laboratory: word alienation and semantic satiation

    Moulin, C. J. A., Bell, N., Turunen, M., Baharin, A. & O'Connor, A. R., 20 Feb 2020, In: Memory. Latest Articles, 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Déjà vu experiences in anxiety

    Wells, C., O'Connor, A. R. & Moulin, C., 1 Nov 2018, In: Memory. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. fMRI evidence supporting the role of memory conflict in the déjà vu experience

    Urquhart, J. A., Sivakumaran, M. H., Macfarlane, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R., 20 Sep 2018, In: Memory. Latest Articles

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. An “alternating instructions” version of the Autobiographical Memory Test for assessing autobiographical memory specificity in non-clinical populations

    Dritschel, B., Beltsos, S. & McClintock, S. M., 5 Nov 2014, In: Memory. 22, 8, p. 881-889 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 268487102

Top