Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

β-diversity scaling patterns are consistent across metrics and taxa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Abstract

β‐diversity (variation in community composition) is a fundamental component of biodiversity, with implications for macroecology, community ecology and conservation. However, its scaling properties are poorly understood. Here, we systematically assessed the spatial scaling of β‐diversity using 12 empirical large‐scale datasets including different taxonomic groups, by examining two conceptual types of β‐diversity and explicitly considering the turnover and nestedness components. We found highly consistent patterns across datasets. Multiple‐site β‐diversity (i.e. variation across multiple sites) scaling curves were remarkably consistent, with β‐diversity decreasing with sampled area according to a power law. For pairwise dissimilarities, the rates of increase of dissimilarity with geographic distance remained largely constant across scales, while grain size (or scale level) had a stronger effect on overall dissimilarity. In both analyses, turnover was the main contributor to β‐diversity, following total β‐diversity patterns closely, while the nestedness component was largely insensitive to scale changes. Our results highlight the importance of integrating both inter‐ and intraspecific aggregation patterns across spatial scales, which underpin substantial differences in community structure from local to regional scales.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalEcography
VolumeIn press
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 5 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • Species composition, Dissimilarity, Diversity partitioning, Nestedness component, Spatial turnover, Scale dependence, Intraspecific aggregation, Spatial grain

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. BioTIME: a database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene

    Dornelas, M. , Antão, L. H. , Moyes, F. , Bates, A. E. , Magurran, A. E. , Adam, D. , Akhmetzhanova, A. A. , Appeltans, W. , Arcos, J. M. , Arnold, H. , Ayyappan, N. , Badihi, G. , Baird, A. H. , Barbosa, M. , Barreto, T. E. , Bässler, C. , Bellgrove, A. , Belmaker, J. , Benedetti-cecchi, L. , Bett, B. J. & 250 others Bjorkman, A. D., Błażewicz, M., Blowes, S. A., Bloch, C. P., Bonebrake, T. C., Boyd, S., Bradford, M., Brooks, A. J., Brown, J. H., Bruelheide, H., Budy, P., Carvalho, F., Castañeda-moya, E., Chen, C. A., Chamblee, J. F., Chase, T. J., Siegwart Collier, L., Collinge, S. K., Condit, R., Cooper, E. J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Cotano, U., Kyle Crow, S., Damasceno, G., Davies, C. H., Davis, R. A., Day, F. P., Degraer, S., Doherty, T. S., Dunn, T. E., Durigan, G., Duffy, J. E., Edelist, D., Edgar, G. J., Elahi, R., Elmendorf, S. C., Enemar, A., Ernest, S. K. M., Escribano, R., Estiarte, M., Evans, B. S., Fan, T., Turini Farah, F., Loureiro Fernandes, L., Farneda, F. Z., Fidelis, A., Fitt, R., Fosaa, A. M., Daher Correa Franco, G. A., Frank, G. E., Fraser, W. R., García, H., Cazzolla Gatti, R., Givan, O., Gorgone-barbosa, E., Gould, W. A., Gries, C., Grossman, G. D., Gutierréz, J. R., Hale, S., Harmon, M. E., Harte, J., Haskins, G., Henshaw, D. L., Hermanutz, L., Hidalgo, P., Higuchi, P., Hoey, A., Van Hoey, G., Hofgaard, A., Holeck, K., Hollister, R. D., Holmes, R., Hoogenboom, M., Hsieh, C., Hubbell, S. P., Huettmann, F., Huffard, C. L., Hurlbert, A. H., Macedo Ivanauskas, N., Janík, D., Jandt, U., Jażdżewska, A., Johannessen, T., Johnstone, J., Jones, J., Jones, F. A. M., Kang, J., Kartawijaya, T., Keeley, E. C., Kelt, D. A., Kinnear, R., Klanderud, K., Knutsen, H., Koenig, C. C., Kortz, A. R., Král, K., Kuhnz, L. A., Kuo, C., Kushner, D. J., Laguionie-marchais, C., Lancaster, L. T., Min Lee, C., Lefcheck, J. S., Lévesque, E., Lightfoot, D., Lloret, F., Lloyd, J. D., López-baucells, A., Louzao, M., Madin, J. S., Magnússon, B., Malamud, S., Matthews, I., Mcfarland, K. P., Mcgill, B., Mcknight, D., Mclarney, W. O., Meador, J., Meserve, P. L., Metcalfe, D. J., Meyer, C. F. J., Michelsen, A., Milchakova, N., Moens, T., Moland, E., Moore, J., Mathias Moreira, C., Müller, J., Murphy, G., Myers-smith, I. H., Myster, R. W., Naumov, A., Neat, F., Nelson, J. A., Paul Nelson, M., Newton, S. F., Norden, N., Oliver, J. C., Olsen, E. M., Onipchenko, V. G., Pabis, K., Pabst, R. J., Paquette, A., Pardede, S., Paterson, D. M., Pélissier, R., Peñuelas, J., Pérez-matus, A., Pizarro, O., Pomati, F., Post, E., Prins, H. H. T., Priscu, J. C., Provoost, P., Prudic, K. L., Pulliainen, E., Ramesh, B. R., Mendivil Ramos, O., Rassweiler, A., Rebelo, J. E., Reed, D. C., Reich, P. B., Remillard, S. M., Richardson, A. J., Richardson, J. P., Van Rijn, I., Rocha, R., Rivera-monroy, V. H., Rixen, C., Robinson, K. P., Ribeiro Rodrigues, R., De Cerqueira Rossa-feres, D., Rudstam, L., Ruhl, H., Ruz, C. S., Sampaio, E. M., Rybicki, N., Rypel, A., Sal, S., Salgado, B., Santos, F. A. M., Savassi-coutinho, A. P., Scanga, S., Schmidt, J., Schooley, R., Setiawan, F., Shao, K., Shaver, G. R., Sherman, S., Sherry, T. W., Siciński, J., Sievers, C., Da Silva, A. C., Rodrigues Da Silva, F., Silveira, F. L., Slingsby, J., Smart, T., Snell, S. J., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Souza, G. B. G., Maluf Souza, F., Castro Souza, V., Stallings, C. D., Stanforth, R., Stanley, E. H., Mauro Sterza, J., Stevens, M., Stuart-smith, R., Rondon Suarez, Y., Supp, S., Yoshio Tamashiro, J., Tarigan, S., Thiede, G. P., Thorn, S., Tolvanen, A., Teresa Zugliani Toniato, M., Totland, Ø., Twilley, R. R., Vaitkus, G., Valdivia, N., Vallejo, M. I., Valone, T. J., Van Colen, C., Vanaverbeke, J., Venturoli, F., Verheye, H. M., Vianna, M., Vieira, R. P., Vrška, T., Quang Vu, C., Van Vu, L., Waide, R. B., Waldock, C., Watts, D., Webb, S., Wesołowski, T., White, E. P., Widdicombe, C. E., Wilgers, D., Williams, R., Williams, S. B., Williamson, M., Willig, M. R., Willis, T. J., Wipf, S., Woods, K. D., Woehler, E. J., Zawada, K. & Zettler, M. L. 24 Jul 2018 In : Global Ecology and Biogeography. 27, 7, p. 760-786 27 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Divergent biodiversity change within ecosystems

    Magurran, A. E., Deacon, A. E., Moyes, F. H., Shimadzu, H., Azeredo de Dornelas, M. A., Phillip, D. & Ramnarine, I. 20 Feb 2018 In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 115, 8, p. 1843-1847 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Community-level regulation of temporal trends in biodiversity

    Gotelli, N., Shimadzu, H., Dornelas, M., McGill, B., Moyes, F. & Magurran, A. E. 26 Jul 2017 In : Science Advances. 3, 7, 8 p., e1700315

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Estimates of local biodiversity change over time stand up to scrutiny

    Vellend, M., Dornelas, M., Baeten, L., Beauséjour, R., Brown, C. D., De Frenne, P., Elmendorf, S. C., Gotelli, N. J., Moyes, F., Myers-Smith, I. H., Magurran, A. E., McGill, B. J., Shimadzu, H. & Sievers, C. Feb 2017 In : Ecology. 98, 2, p. 583-590 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Prevalence of multimodal species abundance distributions is linked to spatial and taxonomic breadth

    Henriques Antão, L., Connolly, S. R., Magurran, A. E., Soares, A. & Dornelas, M. Feb 2017 In : Global Ecology and Biogeography. 26, 2, p. 203-215 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Ecography (Journal)

    Dornelas, M. (Member of editorial board)
    20142015

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. Peatland forests are the least diverse tree communities documented in Amazonia, but contribute to high regional beta-diversity

    Draper, F. C., Coronado, E. N. H., Roucoux, K. H., Lawson, I. T., Pitman, N. C. A., Fine, P. V. A., Phillips, O. L., Montenegro, L. A. T., Valderrama Sandoval, E., Mesones, I., García-Villacorta, R., Arévalo, F. R. R. & Baker, T. R. 16 Jan 2018 In : Ecography. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. A recipe for scavenging in vertebrates - the natural history of a behaviour

    Kane, A., Healy, K., Guillerme, T., Ruxton, G. D. & Jackson, A. L. 1 Feb 2017 In : Ecography. 40, 2, p. 324-334 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. SIDER: an R package for predicting trophic discrimination factors of consumers based on their ecology and phylogenetic relatedness

    Healy, K., Guillerme, T., Kelly, S. B. A., Inger, R., Bearhop, S. & Jackson, A. L. 26 Dec 2017 In : Ecography. Early View, 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Urbanisation versus agriculture: a comparison of local genetic diversity and gene flow between wood mouse Apodemus sylvaticus populations in human-modified landscapes

    Wilson, A., Fenton, B., Malloch, G., Boag, B., Hubbard, S. & Begg, G. Jan 2016 In : Ecography. 39, 1, p. 87-97 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 256955198