Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Does dental undergraduate education and postgraduate training enable intention to provide inhalation sedation in primary dental care? A path analytical exploration

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle


Open Access permissions



Aim: To examine how quality standards of dental undergraduate education, postgraduate training and qualifications together with confidence and barriers could be utilised to predict intention to provide inhalation sedation.
Methods: All 202 dentists working within primary dental care in NHS Highland were invited to participate. The measures in the questionnaire survey included demographic information, undergraduate education and postgraduate qualifications, current provision and access to sedation service, attitudes towards confidence, barriers and intention to provide inhalation sedation. A path analytical approach was employed to investigate the fit of collected data to the proposed mediational model.
Results: One hundred and nine dentists who completed the entire questionnaire participated (response rate of 54%). Seventy-six per cent of dentists reported receiving lectures in conscious sedation during their undergraduate education. Statistically significantly more Public Dental Service dentists compared with General Dental Service (GDS) dentists had postgraduate qualification and Continuing Professional Development training experience in conscious sedation. Only twenty-four per cent of the participants stated that they provided inhalation sedation to their patients. The findings indicated that PDS dentists had higher attitudinal scores towards inhalation sedation than GDS practitioners. The proposed model showed an excellent level of fit. A multigroup comparison test confirmed that the level of association between confidence in providing inhalation sedation and intention varied by group (GDS vs. PDS respondents). Public Dental Service respondents who showed extensive postgraduate training experience in inhalation sedation were more confident and likely to provide this service.
Conclusion: The quality standards of dental undergraduate education, postgraduate qualifications and training together with improved confidence predicted primary care dentists’ intention to provide inhalation sedation.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
Issue number3
Early online date23 Mar 2016
StatePublished - Aug 2017

    Research areas

  • Conscious sedation, Primary dental care, Education and training , Attitudes

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Multimorbidity and socioeconomic deprivation in primary care consultations

    Mercer, S. W., Zhou, Y., Humphris, G. M., McConnachie, A., Bakhshi, A., Bikker, A., Higgins, M., Little, P., Fitzpatrick, B. & Watt, G. C. M. Mar 2018 In : Annals of Family Medicine. 16, 2, p. 127-131 5 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Fear of cancer recurrence in oral and oropharangeal cancer patients: an investigation of the clinical encounter

    Ozakinci, G., Swash, B., Humphris, G., Rogers, S. N. & Hulbert-Williams, N. J. Jan 2018 In : European Journal of Cancer Care. 27, 1, e12785

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Related by journal

  1. The Video Interaction Guidance approach applied to teaching communication skills in dentistry

    Quinn, S., Herron, D., Menzies, R., Scott, L., Black, R., Zhou, Y., Waller, A., Humphris, G. & Freeman, R. May 2016 In : European Journal of Dental Education. 20, 2, p. 94-101 8 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Psychological stress and health in undergraduate dental students: fifth year outcomes compared with first year baseline results from five European dental schools.

    Gorter, R., Freeman, R., Hammen, S., Murtomaa, H., Blinkhorn, A. & Humphris, G. M. May 2008 In : European Journal of Dental Education. 12, 2, p. 61-8 8 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  3. Occupational stress in undergraduate dental students: baseline results from seven European dental schools

    Humphris, G. M., Blinkhorn, A., Freeman, R., Gorter, R., Hoad-Reddick, G., Murtomma, H., O'Sullivan, R. & Splieth, C. 2002 In : European Journal of Dental Education. 6, 1, p. 22-29

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

ID: 241580217