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Does the galaxy NGC1052-DF2 falsify Milgromian dynamics?

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Author(s)

Pavel Kroupa, Hosein Haghi, Behnam Javanmardi, Akram Hasani Zonoozi, Oliver Mueller, Indranil Banik, Xufen Wu, Hongsheng Zhao, Joerg Dabringhausen

School/Research organisations

Abstract

A great challenge in current physics is to understand whether the observed internal dynamics of galaxies is due to dark matter or to a modification of the law of gravity. Recently, van Dokkum et al. reported that the ultra-diffuse dwarf galaxy NGC1052–DF2 lacks dark matter, and they claimed that this would — paradoxically — be problematic for modified gravity theories such as Milgromian dynamics (MOND). However, NGC1052–DF2 is not isolated, so a valid prediction of its internal dynamics in MOND cannot be made without properly accounting for the external gravitational fields from neighbouring galaxies. Including this external field effect, following Haghi et al., shows that NGC1052–DF2 is consistent with MOND.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E4-E5
Number of pages2
JournalNature
Volume561
Issue number7722
Early online date12 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2018

    Research areas

  • Galaxies, Gravitation, Kinematics and dynamics, Simulations

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