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Dual quantum confinement and anisotropic spin splitting in the multi-valley semimetal PtSe2

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Author(s)

Oliver Jon Clark, Federico Mazzola, Jiagui Feng, Veronika Sunko, Igor Marković, Lewis Bawden, Timur K. Kim, Philip David King, Mohammad Saeed Bahramy

School/Research organisations

Abstract

We investigate the electronic structure of a two-dimensional electron gas created at the surface of the multivalley semimetal 1T−PtSe2. Using angle-resolved photoemission and first-principles-based surface space-charge calculations, we show how the induced quantum well sub-band states form multiple Fermi surfaces, which exhibit highly anisotropic Rashba-like spin splittings. We further show how the presence of both electronlike and holelike bulk carriers causes the near-surface band bending potential to develop an unusual nonmonotonic form, with spatially segregated electron accumulation and hole accumulation regions, which in turn amplifies the induced spin splitting. Our results thus demonstrate the novel environment that semimetals provide for tailoring electrostatically induced potential profiles and their corresponding quantum sub-band states.
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Original languageEnglish
Article number045438
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume99
Issue number4
Early online date25 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

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