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Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research

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Ecological best practice in decommissioning : a review of scientific research. / Fortune, Irene Sarah; Paterson, David Maxwell.

In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, Vol. Advance article, 27.09.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Harvard

Fortune, IS & Paterson, DM 2018, 'Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research', ICES Journal of Marine Science, vol. Advance article. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy130

APA

Fortune, I. S., & Paterson, D. M. (2018). Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research. ICES Journal of Marine Science, Advance article. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy130

Vancouver

Fortune IS, Paterson DM. Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2018 Sep 27;Advance article. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy130

Author

Fortune, Irene Sarah ; Paterson, David Maxwell. / Ecological best practice in decommissioning : a review of scientific research. In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2018 ; Vol. Advance article.

Bibtex - Download

@article{378f5ca1cdd34637b47eadc96f6e908d,
title = "Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research",
abstract = "The Oslo and Paris Commissions (OSPAR) decision 98/3 prohibits the dumping of man-made structures (MMS) offshore. However, there are regions of the world where MMS are recognized as providing an ecological and societal benefit through the provision of ecosystem goods and services. This review provides a commentary on our current understanding of the ecological influence of man-made structures, the consequences of their decommissioning and recognizes that our knowledge is far from complete. It is known that a diverse and complex ecosystem of attached organisms develops on submerged structures which supports a localized food web that could not exist without them. However,our lack of detailed information makes modelling of system response to decommissioning very tentative. Ideally, we should use the best possible scientific information to reach a consensus as to whether the blanket removal of MMS (excepting derogations) is the most environmentally supportable option. The evidence available to-date shows both benefits and some risk in leaving MMS in place and this needs to beexamined without preconception. On the UKCS, MMS as artificial habitats are not considered under the Habitats Directive, irrespective of the value or rarity of the species present. We conclude that a more comprehensive regulatory process, together with the recognition of the ecology associated with man-made structures, would allow science to play a role in the decision-making rather than supporting a blanket policy ignoring ecological context.",
keywords = "Decommissioning, Ecosystems impacts, Ecosystem services, Man-made structures",
author = "Fortune, {Irene Sarah} and Paterson, {David Maxwell}",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1093/icesjms/fsy130",
language = "English",
volume = "Advance article",
journal = "ICES Journal of Marine Science",
issn = "1054-3139",
publisher = "OXFORD UNIV PRESS",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecological best practice in decommissioning

T2 - a review of scientific research

AU - Fortune, Irene Sarah

AU - Paterson, David Maxwell

PY - 2018/9/27

Y1 - 2018/9/27

N2 - The Oslo and Paris Commissions (OSPAR) decision 98/3 prohibits the dumping of man-made structures (MMS) offshore. However, there are regions of the world where MMS are recognized as providing an ecological and societal benefit through the provision of ecosystem goods and services. This review provides a commentary on our current understanding of the ecological influence of man-made structures, the consequences of their decommissioning and recognizes that our knowledge is far from complete. It is known that a diverse and complex ecosystem of attached organisms develops on submerged structures which supports a localized food web that could not exist without them. However,our lack of detailed information makes modelling of system response to decommissioning very tentative. Ideally, we should use the best possible scientific information to reach a consensus as to whether the blanket removal of MMS (excepting derogations) is the most environmentally supportable option. The evidence available to-date shows both benefits and some risk in leaving MMS in place and this needs to beexamined without preconception. On the UKCS, MMS as artificial habitats are not considered under the Habitats Directive, irrespective of the value or rarity of the species present. We conclude that a more comprehensive regulatory process, together with the recognition of the ecology associated with man-made structures, would allow science to play a role in the decision-making rather than supporting a blanket policy ignoring ecological context.

AB - The Oslo and Paris Commissions (OSPAR) decision 98/3 prohibits the dumping of man-made structures (MMS) offshore. However, there are regions of the world where MMS are recognized as providing an ecological and societal benefit through the provision of ecosystem goods and services. This review provides a commentary on our current understanding of the ecological influence of man-made structures, the consequences of their decommissioning and recognizes that our knowledge is far from complete. It is known that a diverse and complex ecosystem of attached organisms develops on submerged structures which supports a localized food web that could not exist without them. However,our lack of detailed information makes modelling of system response to decommissioning very tentative. Ideally, we should use the best possible scientific information to reach a consensus as to whether the blanket removal of MMS (excepting derogations) is the most environmentally supportable option. The evidence available to-date shows both benefits and some risk in leaving MMS in place and this needs to beexamined without preconception. On the UKCS, MMS as artificial habitats are not considered under the Habitats Directive, irrespective of the value or rarity of the species present. We conclude that a more comprehensive regulatory process, together with the recognition of the ecology associated with man-made structures, would allow science to play a role in the decision-making rather than supporting a blanket policy ignoring ecological context.

KW - Decommissioning

KW - Ecosystems impacts

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Man-made structures

U2 - 10.1093/icesjms/fsy130

DO - 10.1093/icesjms/fsy130

M3 - Review article

VL - Advance article

JO - ICES Journal of Marine Science

JF - ICES Journal of Marine Science

SN - 1054-3139

ER -

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