Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Effectiveness of psychological interventions to improve quality of life in people with long-term conditions: rapid systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Long-term conditions may negatively impact multiple aspects of quality of life including physical functioning and mental wellbeing. The rapid systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of psychological interventions to improve quality of life in people with long-term conditions to inform future healthcare provision and research.

Methods: EBSCOhost and OVID were used to search four databases (PsychInfo, PBSC, Medline and Embase). Relevant papers were systematically extracted by one researcher using the predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria based on titles, abstracts, and full texts. Randomized controlled trial psychological interventions conducted between 2006 and February 2016 to directly target and assess people with long-term conditions in order to improve quality of life were included. Interventions without long-term condition populations, psychological intervention and/or patient-assessed quality of life were excluded.

Results: From 2223 citations identified, 6 satisfied the inclusion/exclusion criteria. All 6 studies significantly improved at least one quality of life outcome immediately post-intervention. Significant quality of life improvements were maintained at 12-months follow-up in one out of two studies for each of the short- (0–3 months), medium- (3–12 months), and long-term (≥ 12 months) study duration categories.

Conclusions: All 6 psychological intervention studies significantly improved at least one quality of life outcome immediately post-intervention, with three out of six studies maintaining effects up to 12-months post-intervention. Future studies should seek to assess the efficacy of tailored psychological interventions using different formats, durations and facilitators to supplement healthcare provision and practice.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
Number of pages17
JournalBMC Psychology
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2018

    Research areas

  • Long-term, Physical, Conditions, Psychological, Intervention, Health, Quality, Life, Mental, Wellbeing

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Action research with parkrun UK volunteer organizers to develop inclusive strategies

    Fullagar, S., Petris, S., Sargent, J., Allen, S., Akhtar, M. & Ozakinci, G., 28 Nov 2019, In : Health Promotion International. Advance article, 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Identifying the key characteristics of clinical fear of cancer recurrence: an international Delphi study

    Mutsaers, B., Butow, P., Dinkel, A., Humphris, G. M., Maheu, C., Ozakinci, G., Prins, J., Sharpe, L., Smith, A. B. & Lebel, S., 25 Nov 2019, In : Psycho-Oncology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Effect of psychological intervention on fear of cancer recurrence: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Tauber, N. M., O'Toole, M. S., Dinkel, A., Galica, J., Humphris, G., Lebel, S., Maheu, C., Ozakinci, G., Prins, J., Sharpe, L., Smith, A. B., Thewes, B., Simard, S. & Zachariae, R., 18 Sep 2019, In : Journal of Clinical Oncology. 37, 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

ID: 252534174

Top