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Effects of neonicotinoids on bees: an invalid experiment

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

DOI

Abstract

We use a recent study on the effects of neonicotinoids on bees as a concrete example to reinforce the advice of OEPP/EPPO (2010) that strong inference is impossible if there is no true replication and that analyses based on pseudoreplication are invalid.
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Original languageEnglish
JournalEcotoxicology
VolumeFirst Online
Early online date14 Nov 2017
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2017

    Research areas

  • Field experiments, Replication, Pseudoreplication, Neonicotinoid

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